Harry S Truman on Principles & Values
1945: transition to presidency included no military
Aspects of the transfer of power which made such transfers fraught with uncertainty and danger in other nations had barely ever been thought of.
At the time of Roosevelt's sudden death, no one even thought to ask where the military's support lay. Harry Truman, raising his hand in 1945 to take the oath as Roosevelt's successor before a group of officials in the Cabinet Room of the
White House, realized that "although we were in the midst of a great war, only two uniforms were present," and, noting that "this passed unnoticed" by anyone but him, understood the significance of
that fact: "The very fact that no thought" was "given to it demonstrates how firmly the concept of the civil authority was accepted in our land," he wrote.
Source: Passage of Power, by Robert Caro, p.340-341
, May 1, 2012
Fair Deal: alleviate social and economic injustice
Roosevelt never got a single major social reform bill through Congress during the 8 years of his presidency remaining after the Court fight.
The Fair Deal fared little better. Harry Truman's program was a far-reaching attempt to alleviate social
and economic injustices in a nation which, rich though it was, had left most of its citizens unprotected against the ravages of old age and unemployment; a nation in which an inexcusably high percentage of the population was still ill fed, ill clothed,
and ill housed; a nation which denied to millions of citizens, those whose skin was black, the most fundamental rights of citizens. In the new 1948 election campaign, the new
Democratic majority in Congress and a rising public outcry against Jim Crow gave liberals confidence that the long-awaited day of social justice was at last at hand. It wasn't.
Source: Passage of Power, by Robert Caro, p.453
, May 1, 2012
1952: Officially created National Day of Prayer
Our National Day of Prayer is a significant part of our heritage. In 1775, during a meeting of the Continental Congress, all of the colonies were asked to pray for wisdom as the policies to govern the nation were being formed. During the Civil War,
President Lincoln proclaimed a day of "humiliation, fasting and prayer," and in 1952, President Truman signed a joint resolution from the Congress officially creating a national Day of Prayer.
Source: America the Beautiful, by Ben Carson, p. 47-48
, Jan 24, 2012
As president, I can't pass the buck to anyone
"I don't pass the buck, nor do I alibi out of any decision I make."
"It is my duty, as president of the US, to make the decisions, because
I can't pass the buck to anybody; and if I can get all the facts, I have found that the decision I make as a result of the facts are satisfactory to everybody."
"You can get all the facts and you make up your mind."
"I've always tried to get all the information I could on every job I ever had. So nobody could put anything over on me."
"As president, I always insisted on as complete a picture as possible before making a decision, and I did not want fuzzy statements that concealed differences of opinion."
Source: The Wit & Wisdom of Harry Truman, by Ralph Keyes, p. 29
, Oct 12, 1999
In 1917, Bess accepted one of Harry's many proposals
During Sunday school at the First Presbyterian Church, Harry saw someone he later described as "a very beautiful little lady with lovely blue eyes and the prettiest golden curls I've ever seen."
This was Elizabeth Virginia "Bessie" Wallace, to whom he'd eventually be married for 53 years. "I was smitten at once," Truman later said of their 1st meeting, "and am still am."
In 1917, Bess accepted one of Harry's many proposals of marriage. He was 34, she 33. When Truman enlisted in the Army, the two postponed their wedding. "I didn't think it was right to get married and maybe come
home a cripple and have the most beautiful and sweetest girl in the world tied down," he explained.
Source: The Wit & Wisdom of Harry Truman, by Ralph Keyes, p. 72-75
, Oct 12, 1999
On FDR's death: if you ever pray, pray for me now
On April 12, 1945, Harry Truman [was called by] Eleanor Roosevelt to her study. Mrs. Roosevelt put her hand on his shoulder. "Harry," she said, "the president is dead."
"Is there anything I can do?" stammered Truman.
"Is there anything WE can do for
YOU?" Mrs. Roosevelt responded. "For you are the one in trouble now."
After taking the oath of office and meeting briefly with cabinet members, Truman wrote in his diary, "Went to bed, went to sleep, and did not worry any more."
At the White House,
President Truman had his first meeting with reporters. "Boys, if you ever pray, pray for me now," he told them. "I don't know whether you fellows ever had a load of hay fall on you, but when they told me yesterday what had happened,
I felt like the moon, the stars, and all the planets had fallen on me."
"Good luck, Mr. President," one reporter said.
"I wish you didn't have to call me that," responded Truman.
Source: The Wit & Wisdom of Harry Truman, by Ralph Keyes, p. 85-86
, Oct 12, 1999
I just told the truth and they thought it was hell
"You know my program was 'Give 'em Hell' and if they don't like it, give 'em more hell."
"I never did give anybody hell. I just told the truth and they thought it was hell."
Source: The Wit & Wisdom of Harry Truman, by Ralph Keyes, p. 24
, Jan 15, 1953
Jesus rejected despots in both Church and State
"A couple of golden crowns with all kinds of expensive jewels have been stolen from a Roman Catholic shrine in Brooklyn. The crowns were on images of Jesus Christ and Mary his mother.
"I've an idea if Jesus were here his sympathies would be with the thieves and not with the Pharisees who crowned him with gold and jewels.
"The only crown he ever wore was one of thorns placed there by emissaries of the Roman emperor and Jewish priesthood.
He came to help the lowly and the down trodden. But since Constantine the Great he has been taken over by the Despots of both Church and State."
Source: The Wit & Wisdom of Harry Truman, by Ralph Keyes, p.149
, Jun 1, 1952
1950: Assassination attempt killed one bodyguard
"I've always thought that if I could get my hands on a would-be assassin he'd never try it again. But I guess that's impossible. The grand guards who were hurt in the attempt on me didn't have a fair chance.
The one who killed was just cold-bloodedly murdered before he could do anything. But his assassin did not live but a couple of minutes--one of the
Secret Service men put a bullet in one ear and it came out the other. One of the guards yelled "Get back." I did, then dressed and went down stairs.
I was the only calm one in the house. You see I've been shot at by experts and unless your name's on the bullet you needn't be afraid--and that of course you won't find out, so why worry."
Source: The Wit & Wisdom of Harry Truman, by Ralph Keyes, p.132
, Nov 17, 1950
The basic source of our national strength is spiritual
The elements of our strength are many. They include our democratic government, our economic system, our great natural resources. But these are only partial explanations.
The basic source of our strength is spiritual. For we are a people with a faith.
We believe in the dignity of man. We believe that he was created in the image of the Father of us all.
We do not believe that men exist merely to strengthen the state or to be cogs in the economic machine. We do believe that governments are created to
serve the people and that economic systems exist to minister to their wants.
The faith of our people has particular meaning at this time in history because of the unsettled and changing state of the world.
We must devote ourselves to finding
answers to these anxieties and aspirations. We seek answers which will embody the moral and spiritual elements of tolerance, unselfishness, and brotherhood upon which true freedom and opportunity must rest.
Source: Pres. Truman's 1948 State of the Union message to Congress
, Jan 7, 1948