OnTheIssues.org
Home Issues Candidates Recent Grid Archive Senate VoteMatch_Quiz
 Notebooks:   |   Bill   Sponsorships   Policy   Reports   Memberships/   Affiliations   Group   Ratings   Court   Rulings   Congressional   Surveys 
       

Bill Sponsorships
Policy Reports
Memberships / Affiliations
Group Ratings
Court Rulings
Senate Surveys


Bill Sponsorships:
Congressional bills 2011-2012
Congressional bills 2009-2010
2008 Presidential Contenders' bills
Congressional bills 1998-2008
2010 Senate signature bills
2008 Senate signature bills
2008 Presidential signature bills
Pres. Barack Obama's Senate signature bills
V.P. Joe Biden's Senate signature bills
Rep. Ron Paul's House signature bills
Sen. John McCain's Senate signature bills
Sen. Hillary Clinton's Senate signature bills


Memberships:
Congressional memberships 2012
Congressional memberships 2001-2011
112th Congress Committees
Congressional Caucuses
Congressional Group Ratings


Surveys:
Surveys: Collection of all surveys in one summary.
2012 Project Vote Smart
2012 Christian Coalition voter guide
2010 Christian Coalition voter guide
2010 Faith2Action.org voter guide
2010 Project Vote Smart
Contract From America
Contract With America


Reports & Letters:
Governmental Reports
Resolutions
Resolutions 2011
Letters
Letters 2011
Supreme Court Rulings
Supreme Court 2011:


Grids:
2008 Presidential
2004 Presidential
2000 Presidential
2008 Issues
2004 Issues
2000 Issues


Senate Votes:
2008-2011
Through 2011
Through 2009
Through 2007
Through 2003
1994-1999


House Votes:
2008-2011
Through 2011
1994-2004
1999-2003


  

    This page contains Supreme Court rulings -- with summaries of the majority and minority conclusions.

11-AZ-WINN on Nov 3, 2010

Decided Apr 4, 2011
Case Ruling: ARIZONA CHRISTIAN SCHOOL v. WINN
AZ law allows tax credits for contributions made to school tuition organizations (STOs). The STO then provides scholarships to students attending private schools, including religious schools. AZ taxpayers sued the state, challenging this law on Establishment [of religion] Clause grounds.

HELD: Delivered by KENNEDY, joined by ROBERTS, SCALIA, THOMAS & ALITO

The plaintiff taxpayers lack standing to sue, because no case exists that a federal court may decide. The plaintiffs cannot show injury particularized to them, as opposed to any other taxpayer. The taxpayer-plaintiffs cannot prove that the AZ legislature raised their tax burden in order to provide this tax credit. Also, since the credit takes students out of the public schools, there is a cost savings to the State. Nor can the plaintiffs show that, if a court enjoined AZ from providing the tax credit to others, state legislators would use the increased revenue to lower the plaintiffs' tax burdens. To say that Arizonans benefiting from the tax credit are paying their state taxes to an STO assumes that all income is government property even if it has not come into the tax collector's hands.

CONCURRED: SCALIA concurs; joined by THOMAS

I concur in the judgment, but would repudiate the Court's anomalous Flast v. Cohen precedent that allowed a taxpayer lawsuit to proceed. It is irreconcilable with the Court's other decisions on cases or controversies suitable for the federal courts under Article III.

DISSENT: KAGAN dissents; joined by GINSBURG, BREYER & SOTOMAYOR

Tax credits can achieve the same result of supporting a religion as do payments from the treasury, and no principled distinction exists between them. Sometimes no one but a taxpayer has requisite standing to challenge government support of religion under the Establishment Clause.


    Participating counts on VoteMatch question 4. Question 4: Keep God in the public sphere Scores: -2=Strongly oppose; -1=Oppose; 0=neutral; 1=Support; 2=Strongly support.
  • Topic: Education
  • Headline: Taxpayers can't fight AZ tax credit for religious schools (Score: 2)
  • Headline 2: Paying taxes insufficient to oppose religious or any credits (Score: 1)
  • Headline 3: Paying taxes sufficient to oppose religious tax credits (Score: -2)

    Participating counts on AmericansElect question 6.
  • Headline: Taxpayers can't fight AZ tax credit for religious schools (Answer: A)
  • Headline 2: Paying taxes insufficient to oppose religious or any credits (Answer: B)
  • Headline 3: Paying taxes sufficient to oppose religious tax credits (Answer: D)
  • AmericansElect Quiz Question 6 on Education: When you think about education in the US, which of the following is closest to your opinion?
    • A: School curriculums should be set entirely at a local school board level
    • B: School curriculums should be set more by local school boards than at a national level
    • C: School curriculums should be set more by national standards than at a local level
    • D: School curriculums should be set entirely at a national standardized level
    • E: Unsure


  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.



Democrats participating in 11-AZ-WINN

Stephen Breyer j3dUS Democratic Appointee to Supreme Court 
Ruth Bader Ginsburg j3dUS Democratic Appointee to Supreme Court 
Elena Kagan w3dUS Democratic Appointee to Supreme Court 
Sonia Sotomayor j3dUS Democratic Appointee to Supreme Court 



Republicans participating in 11-AZ-WINN

Samuel Alito j1US Republican Appointee to Supreme Court 
Anthony Kennedy w1US Republican Appointee to Supreme Court 
John Roberts j1US Republican Appointee to Supreme Court 
Antonin Scalia w2cUS Republican Appointee to Supreme Court 
Clarence Thomas j2cUS Republican Appointee to Supreme Court 



Independents participating in 11-AZ-WINN



Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 4
Republicans: 5
Independents: 0


















Reproduction of material from any OnTheIssues.org pages without written permission is prohibited.
Copyright © 1999-2012 OnTheIssues.org & the SpeakOut Foundation, all rights reserved.
OnTheIssues.org 1770 Massachusetts Ave. #630, Cambridge MA 02140
E-mail us at:submit at OnTheIssues.org
| Advertising information | About Us
  Newsletter     Signup  
Email:
  
Zip:
    
Or click for More Info.