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    This page contains bill sponsorships in the Senate and House. Bill sponsorships indicate the topics that legislators are most interested in, and spend the most time on.

11-HR0639 on Feb 14, 2011

Bill Sponsorship: Currency Reform for Fair Trade Act
Source: HR.639&S.328
  • Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to include as a "countervailable subsidy" requiring action under a countervailing duty or antidumping duty proceeding the benefit conferred on merchandise imported into the US from foreign countries with fundamentally undervalued currency.
  • Defines "benefit conferred" as the difference between:
    1. the amount of currency provided by a foreign country in which the subject merchandise is produced; and
    2. the amount of currency such country would have provided if the real effective exchange rate of its currency were not fundamentally undervalued.
  • Determines that the currency of a foreign country is fundamentally undervalued if for an 18-month period:
    1. the government of the country engages in protracted, large-scale intervention in one or more foreign exchange markets
    2. the country's real effective exchange rate is undervalued by at least 5%
    3. the country has experienced significant and persistent global current account surpluses; and
    4. the country's government has foreign asset reserves exceeding the amount necessary to repay all its debt obligations.

[Explanatory note from Wikipedia.com "Exchange Rate"]:

Between 1994 and 2005, the Chinese yuan renminbi was pegged to the US dollar at RMB 8.28 to $1. Countries may gain an advantage in international trade if they manipulate the value of their currency by artificially keeping its value low. It is argued that China has succeeded in doing this over a long period of time. However, a 2005 appreciation of the Yuan by 22% was followed by a 39% increase in Chinese imports to the US. In 2010, other nations, including Japan & Brazil, attempted to devalue their currency in the hopes of subsidizing cheap exports and bolstering their ailing economies. A low exchange rate lowers the price of a country's goods for consumers in other countries but raises the price of imported goods for consumers in the manipulating country.

Also see the related Senate bill S0328.


    Participating counts on VoteMatch question 13. Question 13: Support & expand free trade Scores: -2=Strongly oppose; -1=Oppose; 0=neutral; 1=Support; 2=Strongly support.
  • Topic: Free Trade
  • Headline: Impose tariffs against countries which manipulate currency (Score: -1)
  • Headline 2: Sponsored bill imposing tariffs for manipulating currency (Score: -1)

  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.



Democrats participating in 11-HR0639

Gary Ackerman s1sNew York Dem./Ind./Lib. (Retiring 2012) 
Jason Altmire s1sPennsylvania Democrat (Lost 2012 Primary) 
Rob Andrews s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Joe Baca s1sCalifornia Democratic Challenger 
Tammy Baldwin s1sWI Democratic Challenger 
John Barrow s1sGeorgia Democrat 
Karen Bass s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Xavier Becerra s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Shelley Berkley s1sNevada Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Howard Berman s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Sanford Bishop s1sGeorgia Democrat 
Earl Blumenauer s1sOregon Democrat 
Dan Boren s1sOklahoma Democratic Governor Challenger 
Leonard Boswell s1sIowa Democrat 
Robert Brady s1sPennsylvania Democrat 
Bruce Braley s1sIA Democratic Challenger 
Corrine Brown s1sFlorida Democrat 
G.K. Butterfield s1sNorth Carolina Democrat 
Lois Capps s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Michael Capuano s1sMA Former Democratic Primary Senate Challenger (2009) 
Russ Carnahan s1sMissouri Democrat 
Andre Carson s1sIndiana Democrat 
Ben Chandler s1sKentucky Democrat 
David Cicilline s1sRhode Island Democrat 
Hansen Clarke s1sMichigan Former Democrat (until 2012) 
Yvette Clarke s1sNew York Democrat 
William Lacy Clay s1sMissouri Democrat 
Emmanuel Cleaver s1sMissouri Democrat 
James Clyburn s1sSouth Carolina Democrat 
Steve Cohen s1sTennessee Democrat 
Gerry Connolly s1sVirginia Democrat 
John Conyers s1sMichigan Democrat 
Jim Cooper s1sTennessee Democrat 
Jim Costa s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Jerry Costello s1sIllinois Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Joe Courtney s1sConnecticut Democrat 
Elijah Cummings s1sMaryland Democrat 
Danny Davis s1sIllinois Democrat 
Peter Defazio s1sOregon Democrat 
Diana DeGette s1sColorado Democrat 
Rosa DeLauro s1sConnecticut Democrat 
Ted Deutch s1sFlorida Democrat 
John Dingell s1sMichigan Democrat 
Joe Donnelly s1sIN Democratic Challenger 
Mike Doyle s1sPennsylvania Democrat 
Donna Edwards s1sMaryland Democrat 
Keith Ellison s1sMinnesota Democrat 
Eliot Engel s1sNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Anna Eshoo s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Sam Farr s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Chaka Fattah s1sPennsylvania Democrat 
Bob Filner s1sCalifornia Democrat (Mayoral run 2011) 
Barney Frank s1sMassachusetts Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Marcia Fudge s1sOhio Democrat 
John Garamendi s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Charles Gonzalez s1sTexas Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Al Green s1sTexas Democrat 
Gene Green s1sTexas Democrat 
Raul Grijalva s1sArizona Democrat 
Luis Gutierrez s1sIllinois Democrat 
Colleen Hanabusa s1sHawaii Democrat 
Alcee Hastings s1sFlorida Democrat 
Martin Heinrich s1sNew Mexico Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Brian Higgins s1sNew York Democrat 
Jim Himes s1sConnecticut Democrat 
Maurice Hinchey s1sNew York Dem/Working-Fam.(Retired 2012) 
Mazie Hirono s1sHawaii Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Kathy Hochul s1sNew York Democrat 
Tim Holden s1sPennsylvania Democrat (Lost 2012 Primary) 
Rush Holt s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Steny Hoyer s1sMaryland Democrat 
Jay Inslee s1sWA Democratic Governor 
Steve Israel s1sNew York Democrat 
Jesse Louis Jackson s1sIllinois Democrat (Resgined 2013) 
Sheila Jackson Lee s1sTexas Democrat 
Eddie Bernice Johnson s1sTexas Democrat 
Hank Johnson s1sGeorgia Democrat 
Marcy Kaptur s1sOhio Democrat 
Bill Keating s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Dale Kildee s1sMichigan Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Larry Kissell s1sNorth Carolina Democrat 
Dennis Kucinich s1sOhio Democrat (Lost 2012 Primary) 
James Langevin s1sRhode Island Democrat 
John Larson s1sConnecticut Democrat 
Barbara Lee s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Sander Levin s2pMichigan Democrat 
John Lewis s1sGeorgia Democrat 
Dan Lipinski s1sIllinois Democrat 
David Loebsack s1sIowa Democrat 
Nita Lowey s1sNew York Democrat 
Ben Ray Lujan s1sNew Mexico Democrat 
Steve Lynch s1sMassachusetts Democrat (Senate run 2013) 
Carolyn Maloney s1sNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Ed Markey s1sMA Democratic Challenger 
Doris Matsui s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Carolyn McCarthy s1sNew York Dem./Ind./Working-Families 
Betty McCollum s1sMinnesota Democrat 
Jim McDermott s1sWashington Democrat 
Jim McGovern s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Mike McIntyre s1sNorth Carolina Democrat 
Jerry McNerney s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Michael Michaud s1sMaine Democratic Governor Challenger 
Brad Miller s1sNorth Carolina Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
George Miller s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Gwen Moore s1sWisconsin Democrat 
James Moran s1sVirginia Democrat 
Chris Murphy s1sConnecticut Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Jerrold Nadler s1sNew York Dem./Lib./Working-Families 
Grace Napolitano s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Richard Neal s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Eleanor Holmes Norton s1sDistrict of Columbia Democrat 
John Olver s1sMassachusetts Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Bill Owens s1sNew York Democrat 
Frank Pallone s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Bill Pascrell s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Nancy Pelosi s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Ed Perlmutter s1sColorado Democrat 
Gary Peters s1sMI Democratic Challenger 
Collin Peterson s1sMinnesota Democrat/Farmer/Labor 
Chellie Pingree s1sMaine Democrat 
David Eugene Price s1sNorth Carolina Democrat 
Mike Quigley s1sIllinois Democrat 
Nick Rahall s1sWest Virginia Democrat 
Charles Rangel s1sNew York Dem./Lib./Working-Families 
Silvestre Reyes s1sTexas Democrat 
Laura Richardson s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Mike Ross s1sArkansas Democratic Governor Challenger 
Steven Rothman s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Lucille Roybal-Allard s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Dutch Ruppersberger s1sMaryland Democrat 
Bobby Rush s1sIllinois Democrat 
Tim Ryan s1sOhio Democrat 
Linda Sanchez s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Loretta Sanchez s1sCalifornia Democrat 
John Sarbanes s1sMaryland Democrat 
Jan Schakowsky s1sIllinois Democrat 
Adam Schiff s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Kurt Schrader s1sOregon Democrat 
Allyson Schwartz s1sPennsylvania Democratic Governor Challenger 
Bobby Scott s1sVirginia Democrat 
David Scott s1sGeorgia Democrat 
Jose Serrano s1sNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Terri Sewell s1sAlabama Democrat 
Brad Sherman s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Heath Shuler s1sNorth Carolina Democrat (retiring 2012) 
Albio Sires s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Louise Slaughter s1sNew York Democrat 
Jackie Speier s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Pete Stark s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Betty Sutton s1sOhio Democrat 
Bennie Thompson s1sMississippi Democrat 
Mike Thompson s1sCalifornia Democrat 
John Tierney s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Paul Tonko s1sNew York Democrat 
Ed Towns s1sNew York Democrat/Liberal (Retiring) 
Niki Tsongas s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Chris Van Hollen s1sMaryland Democrat 
Peter Visclosky s1sIndiana Democrat 
Tim Walz s1sMinnesota Democrat 
Maxine Waters s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Henry Waxman s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Peter Welch s1sVermont Democrat 
Lynn Woolsey s1sCalifornia Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
John Yarmuth s1sKentucky Democrat 



Republicans participating in 11-HR0639

Todd Akin s1sMissouri Republican (Senate run 2012) 
Steve Austria s1sOhio Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Lou Barletta s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Brian Bilbray s1sCalifornia Republican 
Rob Bishop s1sUtah Republican 
Mo Brooks s1sAlabama Republican 
Dan Burton s1sIndiana Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Shelley Moore Capito s1sWest Virginia Republican 
John Howard Coble s1sNorth Carolina Republican 
Chip Cravaack s1sMinnesota Republican 
Rick Crawford s1sArkansas Republican 
Mark Critz s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Charles Dent s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Jo Ann Emerson s1sMissouri Republican (Resigned 2013) 
Mike Fitzpatrick s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Randy Forbes s1sVirginia Republican 
Jeff Fortenberry s1sNebraska Republican 
Jim Gerlach s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Chris Gibson s1sNew York Republican 
Samuel Graves s1sMissouri Republican 
Morgan Griffith s1sVirginia Republican 
Gregg Harper s1sMississippi Republican 
Duncan Hunter Jr. s1sCalifornia Republican 
Bill Johnson s1sOhio Republican 
Timothy Johnson s1sIllinois Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Walter Beaman Jones s1sNorth Carolina Republican 
Mike Kelly s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Steven LaTourette s1sOhio Republican 
Frank LoBiondo s1sNew Jersey Republican 
Blaine Luetkemeyer s1sMissouri Republican 
Donald Manzullo s1sIllinois Republican (Lost 2012 Primary) 
Tom Marino s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Thad McCotter s1sMichigan Republican 
Patrick McHenry s1sNorth Carolina Republican 
David McKinley s1sWest Virginia Republican 
Patrick Meehan s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Candice Miller s1sMichigan Republican 
Tim Murphy s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Sue Myrick s1sNorth Carolina Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Tom Petri s1sWisconsin Republican 
Joseph Pitts s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Todd Platts s1sPennsylvania Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Jim Renacci s1sOhio Republican 
Scott Rigell s1sVirginia Republican 
Hal Rogers s1sKentucky Republican 
Michael Rogers s1sAlabama Republican 
Mike Rogers s1sMichigan Republican 
Dana Rohrabacher s1sCalifornia Republican 
Dennis Ross s1sFlorida Republican 
Jon Runyan s1sNew Jersey Republican 
James Sensenbrenner s1sWisconsin Republican 
John Shimkus s1sIllinois Republican 
Bill Shuster s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Marlin Stutzman s1sIndiana Republican 
Glenn Thompson s1sPennsylvania Republican 
Mike Turner s1sOhio Republican 
Lynn Westmoreland s1sGeorgia Republican 
Ed Whitfield s1sKentucky Republican 
Joe Wilson s1sSouth Carolina Republican 
Robert Wittman s1sVirginia Republican 
Frank Wolf s1sVirginia Republican 
Don Young s1sAlaska Republican 



Independents participating in 11-HR0639



Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 164
Republicans: 62
Independents: 0


















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