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    This page contains bill sponsorships in the Senate and House. Bill sponsorships indicate the topics that legislators are most interested in, and spend the most time on.

97-HJR78 on May 8, 1997

Bill Sponsorship: a resolution for a School Prayer Amendment:
Source: H.J.Res.78
H.J.RES.52 (2001), H.J.RES.66 (1999), S.J.RES. 1, H.J.RES.12, H. J. RES. 108, & H. J. RES. 55:
Nothing in this Constitution shall be construed to prohibit individual or group prayer in public schools or other public institutions. No person shall be required by the United States or by any State to participate in prayer . Neither the United States nor any State shall compose the words of any prayer to be said in public schools.
H. J. RES. 78 (1997):
To secure the people's right to acknowledge God according to the dictates of conscience: Neither the United States nor any State shall establish any official religion, but the people's right to pray and to recognize their religious beliefs, heritage, or traditions on public property, including schools, shall not be infringed. Neither the United States nor any State shall require any person to join in prayer or other religious activity, prescribe school prayers, discriminate against religion, or deny equal access to a benefit on account of religion.
    Proposed Legislation:
  • H.J.RES.52, School Prayer Amendment, 6/13/2001 (Murtha)
  • H.J.RES.12, School Prayer Amendment, 2/7/2001 (Emerson)
  • S.J.RES.1, School Prayer Amendment, 1/22/2001 (Thurmond)
  • H.J.RES.108, Voluntary School Prayer Amendment, 9/21/2000 (Graham)
  • H.J.RES.55, Voluntary School Prayer Amendment, 2/13/1997 (Stearnes, Hall, Watts)
  • H.J.RES.78, Amendment Restoring Religious Freedom, 5/8/1997 (Istook, et. al.)


    Participating counts on VoteMatch question 4. Question 4: Keep God in the public sphere Scores: -2=Strongly oppose; -1=Oppose; 0=neutral; 1=Support; 2=Strongly support.
  • Topic: Education
  • Headline: Supports a Constitutional Amendment for school prayer (Score: 2)

  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.



Democrats participating in 97-HJR78

James Barcia s1oMichigan Democrat 
Sanford Bishop s1oGeorgia Democrat 
Robert Brady s1oPennsylvania Democrat 
Gary Condit s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Ralph Moody Hall s1oTexas Democrat 
Baron Hill s1oIndiana Democrat (until 2010) 
Stephanie Tubbs Jones s1oOhio Former Dem. (Deceased, 2008) 
William Lipinski s1oIllinois Democrat (Until 2004) 
Betty McCollum s1oMinnesota Democrat 
Mike McIntyre s1oNorth Carolina Democrat 
John Murtha s1oPennsylvania Democrat (Deceased Feb. 2010) 
Collin Peterson s1oMinnesota Democrat/Farmer/Labor 
Nick Rahall s1oWest Virginia Democrat 
Ronnie Shows s1oMississippi Democrat 
Charles Stenholm s1oTexas Democrat 
Gene Taylor s1oMississippi Democratic Challenger 
Jim Traficant s1oOhio Democrat 



Republicans participating in 97-HJR78

Robert Aderholt s1oAlabama Republican 
Dick Armey s1oTexas Republican 
Spencer Bachus s1oAlabama Republican 
Bill Baker s1oCalifornia Republican Former (1994-) 
Richard Hugh Baker s1oLouisiana Republican (Resigned 2008) 
Cass Ballenger s1oNorth Carolina Republican 
Bob Barr s1oGeorgia Republican Challenger 
Bill Barrett s1oNebraska Republican 
Roscoe Bartlett s1oMaryland Republican 
Joe Linus Barton s1oTexas Republican 
Herb Bateman s1oVirginia Republican 
Doug Bereuter s1oNebraska Republican (Until 2004) 
Tom Bliley s1oVirginia Republican 
Roy Blunt s1oMissouri Republican (until 2010) 
John Boehner s1oOhio Republican 
Henry Bonilla s1oTexas Republican 
Mary Bono s1oCalifornia Republican 
Sonny Bono s1oCalifornia Republican Former (1994-) 
Kevin Brady s1oTexas Republican 
Dan Burton s1oIndiana Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Sonny Callahan s1oAlabama Republican 
Ken Calvert s1oCalifornia Republican 
Dave Camp s1oMichigan Republican 
Chris Cannon s1oUtah Republican 
Saxby Chambliss s1oGA Republican Sr Senator (retiring 2014) 
Helen Chenoweth s1oIdaho Republican 
Jon Christensen s1oNebraska Republican Former (1994-) 
John Howard Coble s1oNorth Carolina Republican 
Tom Coburn s1oOK Republican Jr Senator; previously Representative 
Thad Cochran s1oMS Republican Sr Senator 
Larry Combest s1oTexas Republican 
Philip Crane s1oIllinois Republican (Until 2004) 
Michael Crapo s1oID Republican Sr Senator 
Barbara Cubin s1oWyoming Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Duke Cunningham s1oCalifornia Republican 
Nathan Deal s1oGA Republican Governor 
Tom DeLay s1oTexas Republican 
Jay Dickey s1oArkansas Republican 
John Doolittle s1oCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Jimmy Duncan s1oTennessee Republican 
Jennifer Dunn s1oWashington Republican (Until 2004) 
Vernon Ehlers s1oMichigan Republican (until 2010) 
Jo Ann Emerson s1oMissouri Republican (Resigned 2013) 
Terry Everett s1oAlabama Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Jeff Flake s1oArizona Republican (Senate run 2012) 
Elton Gallegly s1oCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2012) 
George Gekas s1oPennsylvania Republican 
Jim Gibbons s1oNevada Republican 
Newt Gingrich s1oGeorgia Republican Former (1994-) 
Bob Goodlatte s1oVirginia Republican 
Bill Goodling s1oPennsylvania Republican 
Porter Goss s1oFlorida Republican (Until 2004) 
Lindsey Graham s1oSC Republican Sr Senator 
James Hansen s1oUtah Republican 
Denny Hastert s1oIllinois Republican (Retired 2007) 
Doc Hastings s1oWashington Republican 
J.D. Hayworth s1oArizona Republican (until 2007) 
Joel Hefley s1oColorado Republican 
Wally Herger s1oCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Rick Hill s1oMontana Republican 
Van Hilleary s1oTennessee Republican 
Peter Hoekstra s1oMI Republican Challenger 
Kenny Hulshof s1oMissouri Republican (Governor 2008) 
Duncan Hunter s1oCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Asa Hutchinson s1oAR Republican Gubernatorial Challenger 
Bob Inglis s1oSouth Carolina Republican (until 2010) 
Ernest Istook s1oOklahoma Republican 
Sam Johnson s1oTexas Republican 
Walter Beaman Jones s1oNorth Carolina Republican 
John Kasich s1oOH Republican Governor 
Brian Kerns s1oIndiana Republican 
Jay Kim s1oCalifornia Republican Former (1994-) 
Jack Kingston s1oGA Republican Challenger 
Ray LaHood s1oIllinois Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Steve Largent s1oOK00 Former Republican Challenger (2002) 
Ron Lewis s1oKentucky Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Bob Livingston s1oLouisiana Republican Former (1994-) 
Frank Dean Lucas s1oOklahoma Republican 
Donald Manzullo s1oIllinois Republican (Lost 2012 Primary) 
Bill McCollum s1oFL Former Republican challenger (2004); former US Rep. 
Jim McCrery s1oLouisiana Republican (Retiring 2008) 
John McHugh s1oNew York Republican/Conservative 
Scott McInnis s1oColorado Republican (Until 2004) 
David McIntosh s1oIndiana Republican 
Buck McKeon s1oCalifornia Republican 
Jack Metcalf s1oWashington Republican 
John Mica s1oFlorida Republican 
Gary Miller s1oCalifornia Republican 
Sue Myrick s1oNorth Carolina Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Mark Neumann s1oWI Republican Challenger (Lost primary) 
Bob Ney s1oOhio Republican 
Charlie Norwood s1oGeorgia Republican 
Jim Nussle s1oIowa Republican 
Michael Oxley s1oOhio Republican 
Ron Packard s1oCalifornia Republican 
Ron Paul s1oPOTUS Republican (Libertarian 1988) 
Bill Paxon s1oNew York Republican Former (1994-) 
John Peterson s1oPennsylvania Republican (Retired 2008) 
Chip Pickering s1oMS Republican challenger (2006), U.S. Rep. 
Joseph Pitts s1oPennsylvania Republican 
Richard Pombo s1oCalifornia Republican 
Frank Riggs s1oCalifornia Republican Former (1994-) 
Bob Riley s1oAL Former Republican Governor (until 2010) 
James Rogan s1oCalifornia Republican 
Hal Rogers s1oKentucky Republican 
Mike Rogers s1oMichigan Republican 
Dana Rohrabacher s1oCalifornia Republican 
Ed Royce s1oCalifornia Republican 
Joe Scarborough s1oFlorida Republican 
Dan Schaefer s1oColorado Republican Former (1994-) 
James Sensenbrenner s1oWisconsin Republican 
Pete Sessions s1oTexas Republican 
Bud Shuster s1oPennsylvania Former Rep.(resigned 3/3/2001) 
Joe Skeen s1oNew Mexico Former Republican 
Christopher Smith s1oNew Jersey Republican 
Linda Smith s1oWashington Republican Former (1994-) 
Nick Smith s1oMI Former Republican challenger (2006), previously U.S. Rep 
Gerald Solomon s1oNew York Republican Former (1994-) 
Mark Souder s1oIndiana Republican (until 2010) 
Floyd Spence s1oSouth Carolina Republican 
Cliff Stearns s1oFlorida Republican (Lost 2012 primary) 
Tom Tancredo s1oColorado Republican Governor challenger 
Billy Tauzin s1oLouisiana Republican (Until 2004) 
Charles Taylor s1oNorth Carolina Republican 
Mac Thornberry s1oTexas Republican 
John Thune s1oSD Republican Jr Senator; previously Representative 
Strom Thurmond s1oSC Former Republican Senator 
Todd Tiahrt s1oKansas Republican (until 2010) 
Zach Wamp s1oTennessee Republican (until 2010) 
John Warner s1oVA Former Republican Senator (retired 2008) 
Wes Watkins s1oOklahoma Republican 
J.C. Watts s1oOklahoma Republican 
Dave Weldon s1oFL Republican Senate Challenger (Lost primary) 
Ed Whitfield s1oKentucky Republican 
Roger Wicker s1oMississippi Republican (Senate 2008) 
Don Young s1oAlaska Republican 



Independents participating in 97-HJR78

Tom Campbell s1oCA 2010 Republican Challenger (lost primary) 
Donna Christensen s1oVirgin Islands - 
Mac Collins s1oGA 2004 former Republican challenger; US Representative 
Merrill Cook s1oUT 2010 Republican challenger (lost primary) 
John Cooksey s1oLA 2004 former Republican Nominee 
Lincoln Diaz-Balart s1oFlorida Former GOP (until 2010) 
Virgil Goode s1oPOTUS Constitution Party Challenger 
Chris John s1oLA 2004 former Democratic challenger; US Representative 
John Linder s1oGeorgia Former GOP (until 2010) 
George Radanovich s1oCalifornia Former GOP (until 2010) 
Bob Schaffer s1oCO Former GOP Senate Challenger (2008) 



Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 17
Republicans: 136
Independents: 11


















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