Howard Dean on Immigration
Former VT Governor; Former Democratic Candidate for President
Earned legalization for undocumented immigrants
Q: Should it become easier for undocumented foreign workers in the US to gain legal immigration status?
A: We need earned legalization for undocumented immigrants in the US who work hard, pay taxes, and otherwise obey the rules, so that they can become full participants in society, including becoming citizens.
Source: Associated Press policy Q&A, "Immigration"
Jan 25, 2004
Be careful about granting citizenship for military services
Q: Would you automatically grant citizenship to any immigrant who serves in combat on behalf of the US?
DEAN: You have to be a little bit careful about how you do that, otherwise you will have a disproportionate number of people who are Hispanic
joining the army simply to do that. So the answer is, if you serve America, yes, you ought to get citizenship. But we have to be very careful just exactly how we offer that so we don't have an unfair, disproportionate affect on Hispanics in this country
who are not citizens.
KUCINICH: First, that we all agree that people ought to have citizenship if they serve this country. We also ought to agree that there ought to be amnesty for anyone who has been working in this country and would otherwise be
denied rights. Third, we ought to talk about how the Bush administration's program that they just announced is really a program for indentured servitude because what they are talking about is locking people into control by corporations.
Source: Iowa Brown and Black Presidential Forum
Jan 11, 2004
Don't divide immigrants-we all are
Immigrants are vital to this country. When I am giving a speech, I will often stop and ask how many people in the audience are Native Americans. A couple of people might put up their hands. Then I say, "The rest of you are all immigrants,
the sons and daughters and grandchildren and descendants of immigrants." This is the legacy of our country.
Today, immigrants are among the hardest-working people in this country. They're often working two jobs, paying their taxes,
and contributing to the well-being of their community. They came here for a better life and are looking to raise their kids and give them in turn a better life than they had themselves. This aspiration and hard work are part of the strength of our nation
and we need to support these hard-working people. We cannot allow politicians to try to divide us and turn us against them on the basis of their being immigrants or on the basis of race.
Source: Winning Back America, by Howard Dean, p.142
Dec 3, 2003
If immigrants work & pay taxes, give them citizenship
Source: Campaign website, DeanForAmerica.com
Nov 25, 2003
- I will work to ensure that people who work hard, pay taxes, and otherwise obey the rules can become full participants in our society, including becoming citizens.
- I will work to regularize the migration of labor in a way that makes economic &
humanitarian sense. Deaths in the desert do neither.
- I will propose reforms that ensure we can meet our economy's need for workers at all skill levels, without pitting foreign workers against US workers.
- I will work to forge stronger partnerships
with countries, especially Mexico, so that in the long run, fewer people will be driven by desperation to break laws.
- I will work to ensure that immigrants who are detained are afforded their basic civil rights and that our concern for national
security does not become another excuse for racial profiling.
- I will build on our country's long history of welcoming immigrants in ways that reflect our need for security but do not sacrifice the basic ideals upon which this nation was founded.
Poor treatment of Muslim immigrants is ethnic profiling
[Addressing the Arab American Institute, Dean] was applauded for criticizing the administration's policies in the Middle East and especially for the anti-terrorism tactics of Attorney General John Ashcroft, condemned by participants in a morning panel as
targeting immigrants from Muslim countries and routinely violating their civil liberties.
The cheers and ovations grew more frequent when Dean turned to condemning the Bush administration's anti-terrorism tactics within the US, saying that its
treatment of immigrants and roundups of Muslims amounted to "ethnic profiling" and violated constitutional guarantees -- reinforcing claims made by a battery of lawyers, scholars and community service agency workers during the morning panel. "Because
John Ashcroft touts the Patriot Act around the country does not mean John Ashcroft is a patriot," Dean said to rising cheers. "That American flag over there belongs to every American -- not only to John Ashcroft, Rush Limbaugh, and Pat Robertson."
Source: David S. Broder, Washington Post, Page A5
Oct 19, 2003
Concerned about immigrants dying in desert crossings
Former Vermont Gov. Howard Dean learns of Latin Americans dying in the Southwestern desert and calls for stricter labor and environmental standards in Mexico and other countries to help stifle illegal immigration. "Developing countries must have the
same human-rights standards that we do," Dean said. "That will stop illegal immigration. Because when you allow labor standards and environmental standards in developing countries, you raise the standard of living and help create the middle class."
Source: Chip Scutari, The Arizona Republic
Oct 8, 2003
The Americas are more important than War on Terror
I think for 9/11 to have affected our immigration policy with Latin America is ridiculous. The last time I looked, not one of those 19 hijackers was Latino. The problem with this administration is they can only think about one problem at a time.
They are bogged down in Iraq, they are not defending us from Osama bin Laden, and they are not paying any attention to Latin America, which is the most important hemisphere in American history.
Source: Democratic Primary Debate, Albuquerque New Mexico
Sep 4, 2003
No automated entry-exit control system; allow free flow.
Dean signed the New England Governors' Conference resolution:
Source: NEG/ECP Resolution 25-4: INS Data Management Act of 2000 00-NEGC4 on Jul 18, 2000
- WHEREAS, Resolutions 23-8 and 24-1 were adopted by the Conference of New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers in 1998 and 1999 respectively, calling for the full repeal of Section 110 of the U.S. Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996; and
- WHEREAS, the implementation of Section 110, which was set to take effect March 30, 2001, would have required the installation of an automated entry-exit control system at U.S. ports of entry which would have disrupted the flow of goods, services, and people that occurs every day between New England and Eastern Canada; and
- WHEREAS, the New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers pledged to work vigorously and cooperatively to encourage their respective federal legislatures and governments to remove any requirement to implement entry-exit control beyond airports; and
- WHEREAS, the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives have overwhelmingly adopted legislation, the Immigration and Naturalization Service Data Management Act of 2000, amending Section 110, requiring the Attorney General of the United States to implement an integrated entry and exit data system using information already collected at U.S. ports of entry, and not requiring the collection of new types of documents or data from aliens;
- NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Conference of New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers commend the U.S. Congress for passing, and President Clinton for signing this legislation into law, thus ensuring that the United States and Canada can continue to maintain the close economic and trade links we currently enjoy.
Share costs of legal immigration between states & federal.
Dean adopted the National Governors Association policy:
The Governors urge Congress to consider the following principles regarding immigration policies.
- The decision to admit immigrants is a federal one that carries with it a firm federal commitment to shape immigration policy within the parameters of available resources we as a nation are determined to provide.
- The fiscal impact of immigration decisions must be addressed by the federal government. The states, charged with implementing federal policy, have shared and are sharing in the costs; however, there should be no further shift of costs to the states.
- A basic responsibility of the federal government is to collect and disseminate timely and reliable statistical information on immigration and its consequences for the United States.
- Federal immigration policies should ensure that new immigrants do not become a public charge to federal, state, or local governments.
- The federal government must provide adequate information to and consult with states on issues
concerning immigration decisions that affect the states.
- States should not have to incur significant costs in implementing federal laws regarding immigration status as a condition of benefits.
The Governors urge the following regarding Legalization and Naturalization:
Source: NGA policy HR-2: Immigration and Refugee Policy 01-NGA3 on Feb 15, 2001
- States require maximum flexibility in determining and allocating resources to meet the needs of newly legalized aliens.
- The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) must be diligent in its efforts to ensure that felons are not naturalized and being given the benefits of citizenship rather than being deported.
- The naturalization process should be streamlined to be more efficient and accessible to eligible applicants wishing to become citizens, with all the rights and responsibilities thereof.
- The INS must take aggressive action to eliminate the backlog of naturalization applications, which is now approximately 800,000 nationwide.
Federal government should deal with criminal repatriation.
Dean adopted the National Governors Association policy:
[Regarding illegal immigration], the Governors continue to call on the federal government to negotiate and renegotiate prisoner transfer treaties to expedite the transfer of criminal aliens in the United States who are subject to deportation or removal. The negotiations for such agreements should focus on:
- ensuring that the transferred prisoners serve the balance of their state-imposed prison sentence;
- removing any requirement that the prisoners consent to be transferred to their countries of origin;
- structuring the process to require that the prisoners serve the remainder of their original prison sentence if they return to the United States; and
- considering economic incentives to encourage countries of origin to take back their criminal citizens.
Additionally, the Governors believe the federal government should:
- increase the use of interior repatriation with countries contiguous to the United States;
- place INS officials in state and local facilities for early identification of potentially deportable aliens - nearer the point of their illegal entry - to ensure formal deportation prior to release; and
- upon the request of a state Governor, place INS officers in state courts to assist in the identification of criminal aliens pending criminal prosecution.
Finally, the Governors are concerned about the large number of deported felons that are returning to the United States. A significant number of the criminal alien felons housed in state prisons and local jails are previously convicted felons who reentered the United States after they were deported. The Governors urge the federal government to provide sufficient funds for proven positive identification systems, like the Automated Fingerprinting Identification System (AFIS), to allow for the expanded use of these systems in the rest of the nation.
Source: NGA policy HR-2: Immigration and Refugee Policy 01-NGA4 on Feb 15, 2001