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OnTheIssuesLogo Barack Obama

Barack Obama on VoteMatch

Democratic incumbent President; IL Senator (2004-2008)



VoteMatch Responses
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VoteMatch Question & Answer
(Click on question for explanation and background)
Based on these stances:
(Click on topic for excerpt & citation)
Strongly Favors topic 1:
Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right
(+5 points on Social scale)
We can find common ground between pro-choice and pro-life: Opposes topic 1
Expand access to contraception; reduce unintended pregnancy: Favors topic 1
Stem cells hold promise to cure 70 major diseases: Favors topic 1
Trust women to make own decisions on partial-birth abortion: Strongly Favors topic 1
Extend presumption of good faith to abortion protesters: Favors topic 1
Pass the Stem Cell Research Bill: Favors topic 1
Protect a woman’s right to choose: Strongly Favors topic 1
Blocked IL law: Born Alive Infant Protection Act: Strongly Favors topic 1
Rated 100% by NARAL on pro-choice votes in 2005, 2006 & 2007: Strongly Favors topic 1
Voted against banning partial birth abortion: Favors topic 1
Supports Roe v. Wade: Strongly Favors topic 1
Sponsored bill providing contraceptives for low-income women: Favors topic 1
Rated 0% by the NRLC, indicating a pro-choice stance: Strongly Favors topic 1
Ensure access to and funding for contraception: Favors topic 1
NO on prohibiting minors crossing state lines for abortion: Strongly Favors topic 1
NO on defining unborn child as eligible for SCHIP: Favors topic 1
YES on $100M to reduce teen pregnancy by education & contraceptives: Favors topic 1
NO on notifying parents of minors who get out-of-state abortions: Favors topic 1
YES on expanding research to more embryonic stem cell lines: Favors topic 1
Strongly Favors topic 2:
Legally require hiring women & minorities
(-5 points on Economic scale)
Supports Fair Pay Act: equal pay for equal work: Strongly Favors topic 2
Racial equality good for America as a whole: Favors topic 2
I benefited from affirmative action in my academic career: Strongly Favors topic 2
Keep the promise of equal pay for an equal day’s work: Strongly Favors topic 2
Past discrimination affects future generations: Strongly Favors topic 2
Fight job discrimination to give women equal footing at jobs: Strongly Favors topic 2
Include class-based affirmative action with race-based: Favors topic 2
Better enforce women’s pay equity via Equal Pay Act: Strongly Favors topic 2
Supports affirmative action in colleges and government: Strongly Favors topic 2
Opposes CA Prop. 8, one-man-one-woman marriage: Strongly Favors topic 2
America’s race and class problems are intertwined: Favors topic 2
Get minorities into home ownership & global marketplace: Favors topic 2
Ending racial profiling is part of fight for justice: Favors topic 2
Sponsored bill for a Rosa Parks commemorative postage stamp: Favors topic 2
Rated 100% by the NAACP, indicating a pro-affirmative-action stance: Strongly Favors topic 2
Recognize Juneteenth as historical end of slavery: Strongly Favors topic 2
Re-introduce the Equal Rights Amendment: Strongly Favors topic 2
Reinforce anti-discrimination and equal-pay requirements: Favors topic 2
Afghan law tolerating marital rape is abhorrent: Strongly Favors topic 2
Favors topic 3:
Comfortable with same-sex marriage
(+2 points on Social scale)
Same-sex couples should be allowed to marry: Strongly Favors topic 3
Same-sex couples should be allowed to marry: Strongly Favors topic 3
Decisions about marriage should be left to the states: Opposes topic 3
Homosexuality no more immoral than heterosexuality: Favors topic 3
We need strong civil unions, not just weak civil unions: Favors topic 3
Gay marriage is less important that equal gay rights: Opposes topic 3
Opposes gay marriage; supports civil union & gay equality: Favors topic 3
Marriage not a human right; non-discrimination is: Favors topic 3
Gays should not face discrimination but should not marry: Opposes topic 3
Include sexual orientation in anti-discrimination laws: Favors topic 3
Increase funding for AIDS treatment & prevention: Favors topic 3
Rated 89% by the HRC, indicating a pro-gay-rights stance: Strongly Favors topic 3
Provide benefits to domestic partners of Federal employees: Strongly Favors topic 3
NO on constitutional ban of same-sex marriage: Strongly Favors topic 3
Favors topic 4:
Keep God in the public sphere
(-3 points on Social scale)
Cut poverty in half in 10 years, with faith-based help: Strongly Favors topic 4
Engages people of faith on all aspects of his public service: Favors topic 4
Listening to evangelicals bridges major political fault line: Favors topic 4
Black churches minister to social needs out of necessity: Favors topic 4
Reach out to faith community;faith has role in public square: Favors topic 4
Religious concerns ok, if translated into universal values: Opposes topic 4
Rated 100% by the AU, indicating support of church-state separation: Strongly Opposes topic 4
NO on recommending Constitutional ban on flag desecration: Opposes topic 4
Strongly Favors topic 5:
Expand ObamaCare
(-5 points on Economic scale)
Ensure access to basic care: Favors topic 5
They called ObamaCare "Armageddon", but no asteroids fell: Strongly Favors topic 5
Repealing healthcare reform would cost $250B: Favors topic 5
Health care is a right: something’s fundamentally wrong now: Strongly Favors topic 5
Increase competition in the insurance and drug markets: Opposes topic 5
National Health Insurance Exchange for private coverage: Opposes topic 5
The market alone can’t solve our health-care woes: Favors topic 5
Believes health care is a right, not a privilege for the few: Favors topic 5
Will expand health coverage & allow meds to be re-imported: Favors topic 5
If we started from scratch, one-payer system would be best: Strongly Favors topic 5
Added 20,000 children to Illinois healthcare: Strongly Favors topic 5
National insurance pool & catastrophic insurance: Strongly Favors topic 5
Crises happen in our lives and healthcare is necessary: Strongly Favors topic 5
More funding for Rx benefits, community health, CHIPs: Favors topic 5
Preserve access to Medicaid & SCHIP during economic downturn: Strongly Favors topic 5
NO on means-testing to determine Medicare Part D premium: Favors topic 5
YES on increasing Medicaid rebate for producing generics: Favors topic 5
YES on negotiating bulk purchases for Medicare prescription drug: Strongly Favors topic 5
YES on expanding enrollment period for Medicare Part D: Favors topic 5
YES on requiring negotiated Rx prices for Medicare part D: Favors topic 5
Strongly Opposes topic 6:
Privatize Social Security
(-5 points on Economic scale)
MyRA: new savings bond for retirement: Favors topic 6
What do we do with the losers of privatizing?: Strongly Opposes topic 6
Stop any efforts to privatize Social Security: Strongly Opposes topic 6
Privatization puts retirement at whim of stock market: Strongly Opposes topic 6
Stop any efforts to privatize Social Security: Strongly Opposes topic 6
No privatization; but consider earning cap over $97,500: Strongly Opposes topic 6
Stock market risk is ok, but not for Social Security: Strongly Opposes topic 6
$2000 tax credit for Working Families Savings Accounts: Opposes topic 6
NO on establishing reserve funds & pre-funding for Social Security: Opposes topic 6
No opinion on topic 7:
Vouchers for school choice
(0 points on Economic scale)
Guarantee affordable life-long, top-notch education: Opposes topic 7
Race to the Top: reward innovation in public schools: Favors topic 7
Opposes D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program: Strongly Opposes topic 7
Increase school choice & accountability within NCLB: Favors topic 7
I doubled charter schools in Illinois; but no vouchers: Favors topic 7
Vouchers don’t solve the problems of our schools: Opposes topic 7
Supports charter schools; it’s important to experiment: Favors topic 7
Supports charter schools and private investment in schools: Favors topic 7
YES on $5B for grants to local educational agencies: Opposes topic 7
Strongly Opposes topic 8:
Human needs over animal rights
(+5 points on Social scale)
Genesis teaches stewardship of earth: sacrifice for future: Strongly Opposes topic 8
Promote green technologies and fuel efficiency standards: Strongly Opposes topic 8
Conserve, develop alternative fuels, increase efficiencies: Strongly Opposes topic 8
Scored 60% on Humane Society Scorecard on animal protection: Strongly Opposes topic 8
Strengthen prohibitions against animal fighting: Strongly Opposes topic 8
Opposes topic 9:
Stricter punishment reduces crime
(+2 points on Social scale)
Reduce recidivism by providing ex-offender supports: Opposes topic 9
Pushed Illinois bill to videotape all capital interrogations: Opposes topic 9
No extra penalty for gang association: Opposes topic 9
Some heinous crimes justify the ultimate punishment: Favors topic 9
Videotape all capital punishment interrogations: Opposes topic 9
Passed 150 laws to toughen penalties for violent crime: Favors topic 9
Death penalty should be enforced fairly and with caution: Favors topic 9
Death penalty should not discriminate by gang membership: Opposes topic 9
Battles legislatively against the death penalty: Strongly Opposes topic 9
Supports alternative sentencing and rehabilitation: Strongly Opposes topic 9
Increase funding for "COPS ON THE BEAT" program: Opposes topic 9
Reduce recidivism by giving offenders a Second Chance: Strongly Opposes topic 9
YES on reinstating $1.15 billion funding for the COPS Program: Opposes topic 9
Opposes topic 10:
Absolute right to gun ownership
(-3 points on Economic scale)
Respect 2nd Amendment, but local gun bans ok: Opposes topic 10
Provide some common-sense enforcement on gun licensing: Opposes topic 10
2000: cosponsored bill to limit purchases to 1 gun per month: Strongly Opposes topic 10
Concealed carry OK for retired police officers: Favors topic 10
Keep guns out of inner cities--but also problem of morality: Strongly Opposes topic 10
Bush erred in failing to renew assault weapons ban: Strongly Favors topic 10
Ban semi-automatics, and more possession restrictions: Strongly Opposes topic 10
NO on prohibiting lawsuits against gun manufacturers: Strongly Opposes topic 10
Strongly Favors topic 11:
Higher taxes on the wealthy
(-5 points on Economic scale)
We need a tax code where everybody pays their fair share: Strongly Favors topic 11
Now business can write off the full cost of new investments: Opposes topic 11
Lower corporate tax rate; pay for it by closing loopholes: Opposes topic 11
Trickle-down economics has failed: Strongly Favors topic 11
Maintain the inheritance tax on wealthy: Strongly Favors topic 11
Tax cuts for the rich do not create jobs: Favors topic 11
No tax breaks for millionaires; GOP always wants tax cuts: Strongly Favors topic 11
Tax cut for 95% of all working families, not corporations: Strongly Favors topic 11
Trillion dollar giveaway: the Paris Hilton Tax Break: Strongly Favors topic 11
Bush tax cuts help corporations but not middle class: Strongly Favors topic 11
Rated 100% by the CTJ, indicating support of progressive taxation: Strongly Favors topic 11
NO on raising the Death Tax exemption to $5M from $1M: Strongly Favors topic 11
NO on allowing AMT reduction without budget offset: Favors topic 11
NO on extending the tax cuts on capital gains and dividends: Strongly Favors topic 11
YES on $47B for military by repealing capital gains tax cut: Favors topic 11
NO on retaining reduced taxes on capital gains & dividends: Strongly Favors topic 11
NO on permanently repealing the `death tax`: Strongly Favors topic 11
NO on supporting permanence of estate tax cuts: Strongly Favors topic 11
NO on raising estate tax exemption to $5 million: Strongly Favors topic 11
NO on repealing the Alternative Minimum Tax: Strongly Favors topic 11
Strongly Favors topic 12:
Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens
(+5 points on Social scale)
Sent unmanned aircraft drones to monitor Mexican border: Opposes topic 12
Stop expelling talented undocumented workers: Strongly Favors topic 12
Send 1,200 National Guard troops to southern border: Strongly Opposes topic 12
Crack down on employers who hire illegal immigrants: Opposes topic 12
Deporting 12 million people is ridiculous and impractical: Strongly Favors topic 12
Immigrants are scapegoats for high unemployment rates: Strongly Favors topic 12
Illegals shouldn’t work; but should have path to citizenship: Strongly Favors topic 12
Support granting driver’s licenses to illegal immigrants: Favors topic 12
Reform must include more border security, and border wall: Opposes topic 12
Pathway to citizenship, but people have to earn it: Favors topic 12
Let’s be a nation of laws AND a nation of immigrants: Strongly Favors topic 12
Give immigrants who are here a rigorous path to citizenship: Favors topic 12
Still supports comprehensive reform and the DREAM Act: Favors topic 12
Extend welfare and Medicaid to immigrants: Favors topic 12
Support the DREAM Act for the children of illegal immigrants: Strongly Favors topic 12
Comprehensive immigration reform without amnesty: Strongly Favors topic 12
Provide funding for social services for noncitizens: Favors topic 12
Rated 8% by USBC, indicating an open-border stance: Strongly Favors topic 12
YES on continuing federal funds for declared "sanctuary cities": Strongly Favors topic 12
YES on allowing illegal aliens to participate in Social Security: Strongly Favors topic 12
YES on giving Guest Workers a path to citizenship: Strongly Favors topic 12
YES on establishing a Guest Worker program: Favors topic 12
YES on building a fence along the Mexican border: Strongly Opposes topic 12
NO on declaring English as the official language of the US government: Strongly Favors topic 12
YES on comprehensive immigration reform: Strongly Favors topic 12
Favors topic 13:
Support & expand free trade
(+2 points on Economic scale)
Export more goods stamped "Made in the USA": Favors topic 13
Negotiate a Transatlantic and a Trans-Pacific Partnership: Strongly Favors topic 13
Double our exports by 2014; starting with South Korea: Strongly Favors topic 13
People don’t want cheaper T-shirts if it costs their job: Opposes topic 13
Fair trade should have tangible benefits for US: Strongly Opposes topic 13
Tax incentives to create jobs at home instead of offshore: Opposes topic 13
Trade agreements mean we sell "Made in America" to millions: Strongly Favors topic 13
Double US exports via deals with Panama, Colombia, & S.Korea: Strongly Favors topic 13
NAFTA protects corporate profits; should protect labor: Opposes topic 13
Stand firm against CAFTA for labor & environmental standards: Strongly Opposes topic 13
Amend NAFTA to add labor agreements: Opposes topic 13
NO on implementing CAFTA for Central America free-trade: Strongly Opposes topic 13
YES on free trade agreement with Oman: Strongly Favors topic 13
Opposes topic 14:
Maintain US sovereignty from UN
(-3 points on Social scale)
2005: The Plan: build credibility with travel abroad: Opposes topic 14
The UN has succeeded in avoiding a Third World War: Strongly Opposes topic 14
Human rights and national security are complementary: Favors topic 14
No “strategic ambiguity” on foreign policy issues: Favors topic 14
Meet with enemy leaders; it’s a disgrace that we have not: Strongly Opposes topic 14
In Berlin: proud citizen of US; fellow citizen of the world: Opposes topic 14
Cooperation among nations is not a choice; it’s the only way: Strongly Opposes topic 14
Engage with Iran; but combat Al Qaeda in Pakistan: Favors topic 14
Iran is more isolated and will face growing consequences: Opposes topic 14
Secure all world's nuclear materials by international treaty: Strongly Favors topic 14
Key to Iranian sanctions was world's involvement: Strongly Opposes topic 14
Restore habeas corpus for detainees in the War on Terror: Opposes topic 14
YES on preserving habeas corpus for Guantanamo detainees: Strongly Opposes topic 14
YES on requiring CIA reports on detainees & interrogation methods: Strongly Opposes topic 14
NO on removing need for FISA warrant for wiretapping abroad: Strongly Opposes topic 14
Opposes topic 15:
Expand the military
(+2 points on Social scale)
Don't give military money that they're not asking for: Strongly Opposes topic 15
Grow size of military to maintain rotation schedules: Favors topic 15
Give our soldiers the best equipment and training available: Favors topic 15
Sponsored bill for Iraq budget to be part of defense budget: Opposes topic 15
Improve mental health care benefits for returning veterans: Favors topic 15
YES on limiting soldiers' deployment to 12 months: Opposes topic 15
Strongly Favors topic 16:
Stricter limits on political campaign funds
(-5 points on Economic scale)
Ended corporate jet travel subsidized by lobbyists: Favors topic 16
No lobbyist money; no PAC money; fund campaigns instead: Strongly Favors topic 16
Reduced cost TV ads for candidates; $85M presidential limit: Strongly Favors topic 16
Public campaign financing with free television & radio time: Strongly Favors topic 16
No “bundled” money from federal-registered lobbyists: Favors topic 16
People know his “bundlers” because he pushed disclosure law: Favors topic 16
First bill ever passed was campaign finance reform: Strongly Favors topic 16
Lobbyist influence comes from access, not money: Favors topic 16
Prohibit 'voter caging' which intimidates minority voting: Favors topic 16
YES on establishing the Senate Office of Public Integrity: Favors topic 16
NO on allowing some lobbyist gifts to Congress: Strongly Favors topic 16
Favors topic 17:
Stay out of Iran
(+2 points on Social scale)
US policy should promote democracy and human rights: Favors topic 17
End our longest war: out of Afghanistan in 2014: Favors topic 17
We've taken the fight to al Qaeda in Afghanistan, until July: Opposes topic 17
Evil does exist in the world; sometimes war is justified: Favors topic 17
We are playing to Osama’s plan for winning a war from a cave: Strongly Favors topic 17
Iraq: 100,000 troops have left; let's finish the job: Favors topic 17
$2.7 billion each week of Iraq spending is unsustainable: Favors topic 17
War in Iraq is “dumb” but troops still need equipment: Strongly Favors topic 17
NO on redeploying troops out of Iraq by July 2007: Strongly Opposes topic 17
YES on redeploying US troops out of Iraq by March 2008: Strongly Favors topic 17
Favors topic 18:
Prioritize green energy
(-3 points on Economic scale)
Develop 100-year natural gas supply; it's beneath our feet: Opposes topic 18
GovWatch: Supports nuclear power if it’s clean & safe: Opposes topic 18
3-way win: economy, environment, & stop funding terror: Strongly Favors topic 18
Increase CAFE to 40 mpg: Strongly Favors topic 18
Sponsored legislations that improve energy efficiency: Favors topic 18
Lowest oil imports and highest oil production in 16 years: Opposes topic 18
All-of-the-above approach to reduce foreign dependence : Opposes topic 18
All-of-the-above energy; enough natural gas or 100 years: Opposes topic 18
Big promoter of clean coal technology & nukes: Strongly Opposes topic 18
More Alaska oil & gas leases, plus new gas pipeline: Strongly Opposes topic 18
Free America from its dependence on foreign oil: Strongly Favors topic 18
Debate is settled: climate change is a fact: Strongly Favors topic 18
First-ever carbon pollution limits for new oil & coal plants: Strongly Favors topic 18
Include clean coal in clean energy future: Opposes topic 18
Reduce carbon emissions by 80% by 2050: Strongly Favors topic 18
Aggressively address accelerating climate change: Strongly Favors topic 18
Cap-and-trade is more specific on reducing greenhouse gases: Strongly Favors topic 18
Natural gas is a "bridge fuel"; then go solar: Opposes topic 18
Invest in clean energy because China & Germany will: Strongly Favors topic 18
Doubled use of renewable energy; doubled car fuel efficiency: Favors topic 18
Don't cede wind, or solar, or battery industry to foreigners: Strongly Favors topic 18
Subsidize clean energy by canceling oil subsidies: Favors topic 18
More incentives for clean energy, including nuclear: Opposes topic 18
GovWatch: $150B for electric car batteries & new technology: Strongly Favors topic 18
Invest in alternative energy sources: Favors topic 18
Renewable Fuels Standard: require ethanol in fuel supply: Strongly Favors topic 18
Wind energy jobs are not imaginary jobs: Strongly Favors topic 18
Sponsored bill for tax credit for providing 85% ethanol gas: Favors topic 18
Sponsored bill raising CAFE by a 4% per year until 2018: Strongly Favors topic 18
Rated 100% by the CAF, indicating support for energy independence: Favors topic 18
Sign on to UN Framework Convention on Climate Change: Strongly Favors topic 18
Designate sensitive ANWR area as protected wilderness: Favors topic 18
Set goal of 25% renewable energy by 2025: Strongly Favors topic 18
Let states define stricter-than-federal emission standards: Strongly Favors topic 18
YES on reducing oil usage by 40% by 2025 (instead of 5%): Strongly Favors topic 18
YES on disallowing an oil leasing program in Alaska's ANWR: Strongly Favors topic 18
YES on banning drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Favors topic 18
YES on factoring global warming into federal project planning: Favors topic 18
YES on removing oil & gas exploration subsidies: Strongly Favors topic 18
Opposes topic 19:
Never legalize marijuana
(+2 points on Social scale)
We share cross-border drug problem with Mexico: Favors topic 19
Look at needle exchange; and expand treatment: Strongly Opposes topic 19
Fight to rid our communities of meth: Favors topic 19
Expand drug courts; help prisoners with substance abuse: Strongly Opposes topic 19
2001: questions harsh penalties for drug dealing: Opposes topic 19
Not first candidate to use drugs, but first honest about it: Opposes topic 19
Smokes cigarettes now; smoked some pot in high school: Favors topic 19
Admitted marijuana use in high school & college: Favors topic 19
Deal with street-level drug dealing as minimum-wage affair: Opposes topic 19
End harsher sentencing for crack vs. powder cocaine: Opposes topic 19
Require chemical resellers to certify against meth use: Favors topic 19
Favors topic 20:
Stimulus better than market-led recovery
(+2 points on Economic scale)
I've cut taxes for middle-class families & small businesses: Strongly Opposes topic 20
Some earmarks are defensible, if done in full light of day: Strongly Favors topic 20
We cut taxes 25 times, for 95% of Americans: Strongly Opposes topic 20
My plan cuts taxes for most small businesses & 95% of people: Strongly Opposes topic 20
Restore progressive tax; close loopholes; relief to seniors: Favors topic 20
Return to PayGo: compensate for all new spending: Opposes topic 20
Specific tax relief for families making $75,000 or less now: Strongly Opposes topic 20
Close tax loopholes for US companies relocating abroad: Favors topic 20
Bush’s economic policies are not working: Favors topic 20
Supports federal programs to protect rural economy: Strongly Favors topic 20
Last thing we need now is a permanent tax cut: Favors topic 20
Save $150 billion in tax cuts for people who don’t need them: Favors topic 20
Recovery Act averted a second Great Depression: Strongly Favors topic 20
Spending freeze now would be destimulative; later is better: Strongly Favors topic 20
Bring back the Clinton tax rate for income above $250,000: Favors topic 20
Buffett rule: millionaires pay minimum of 30% in taxes: Favors topic 20
No across-the-board tax cuts for the wealthy: Favors topic 20
Tax cuts for wealthy got us into the current deficit: Favors topic 20
No $300 billion on tax cuts for those who don’t need them: Favors topic 20
I will raise CEO taxes, no doubt about it: Favors topic 20
I’m not bashful about it: wealthy will pay more taxes: Favors topic 20
Reduce Bush tax cuts to pay for health care & other programs: Favors topic 20
YES on increasing tax rate for people earning over $1 million: Strongly Favors topic 20

Other candidates' VoteMatch: Barack Obama on the issues:
Incumbents:
Pres.Barack Obama
V.P.Joe Biden
2016 Democratic Candidates:
Secy.Hillary Clinton(NY)
Gov.Andrew Cuomo(NY)
Mayor Rahm Emanuel(IL)
Gov.Martin O`Malley(MD)
Gov.Deval Patrick(MA)
2016 GOP Candidates:
Amb.John Bolton(MD)
Gov.Jeb Bush(FL)
Dr.Ben Carson(MD)
Gov.Chris Christie(NJ)
Sen.Ted Cruz(TX)
Gov.Mike Huckabee(AR)
Gov.Jon Huntsman(UT)
Gov.Bobby Jindal(LA)
Rep.Peter King(NY)
Gov.Sarah Palin(AK)
Sen.Rand Paul(KY)
Gov.Rick Perry(TX)
Sen.Rob Portman(OH)
Secy.Condi Rice(CA)
Sen.Marco Rubio(FL)
Rep.Paul Ryan(WI)
Sen.Rick Santorum(PA)
Donald Trump(NY)
2016 Third Party Candidates:
Mayor Michael Bloomberg(I-NYC)
Gov.Gary Johnson(L-NM)
Gov.Jesse Ventura(I-MN)
Abortion
Budget/Economy
Civil Rights
Corporations
Crime
Drugs
Education
Energy/Oil
Environment
Families/Children
Foreign Policy
Free Trade
Govt. Reform
Gun Control
Health Care
Homeland Security
Immigration
Infrastructure/Technology
Jobs
Principles/Values
Social Security
Tax Reform
War/Iraq/Mideast
Welfare/Poverty

Page last updated: Mar 19, 2014