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    This page contains surveys of candidates conducted by organizations interested in the candidates' policy views.

16PVS_Q12 on Nov 8, 2016

Political Group Survey: the PVS survey question on immigration reform
Source: Political Courage Test
The Project Vote Smart Voter Guide inferred how candidates would respond to the question, 'Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?' Project Vote Smart notes, "in response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided [for candidates who] refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads." Also see the AFA survey question on the Mexican border and the AFA survey question on Syrian refugees.

    Participating counts on VoteMatch question 12. Question 12: Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Scores: -2=Strongly oppose; -1=Oppose; 0=neutral; 1=Support; 2=Strongly support.
  • Topic: Immigration
  • Headline: Supports illegals returning to country of origin (Score: -2)
  • Headline 2: Opposes requiring illegals to return to country of origin (Score: 1)

    Participating counts on AmericansElect question 4.
  • Headline: Supports illegals returning to country of origin (Answer: A)
  • Headline 2: Opposes requiring illegals to return to country of origin (Answer: C)
  • AmericansElect Quiz Question 4 on Immigration: When you think about illegal immigration, which of the following solutions come closest to your opinion?
    • A: All illegal immigrants should be able to stay in the US legally
    • B: Most illegal immigrants should be able to stay in the US, with some exceptions
    • C: Most illegal immigrants should be deported, with some exceptions
    • D: All illegal immigrants should be deported
    • E: Unsure

  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.

Democrats participating in 16PVS_Q12

Nanette Barragan s2-California Democrat 
Anthony Brown s2-Maryland Democrat 
Salud Carbajal s2-California Democrat 
Lou Correa s2-California Democrat 
Val Demings s2-Florida Democrat 
Adriano Espaillat s2-New York Democrat 
Vicente Gonzalez s2-Texas Democrat 
Pramila Jayapal s2-Washington Democrat 
Ruben Kihuen s2-Nevada Democrat 
Raja Krishnamoorthi s2-Illinois Democrat 
Donald McEachin s2-Virginia Democrat 
Stephanie Murphy s2-Florida Democrat 
Tom O`Halleran s2-Arizona Democrat 
Jimmy Panetta s2-California Democrat 
Jamie Raskin s2-Maryland Democrat 
Jacky Rosen s2-Nevada Democrat 
Darren Soto s2-Florida Democrat 

Republicans participating in 16PVS_Q12

Jodey Arrington s1+Texas Republican 
Don Bacon s1+Nebraska Republican 
Jim Banks s1+Indiana Republican 
Jack Bergman s1+Michigan Republican 
Andy Biggs s1+Arizona Republican 
James Comer s1+Kentucky Republican 
Neal Dunn s1+Florida Republican 
Drew Ferguson s1+Georgia Republican 
Matt Gaetz s1+Florida Republican 
Mike Gallagher s1+Wisconsin Republican 
Tom Garrett s1+Virginia Republican 
Clay Higgins s2-Louisiana Republican 
Mike Johnson s1+Louisiana Republican 
David Kustoff s1+Tennessee Republican 
Jason Lewis s1+Minnesota Republican 
Roger Marshall s1+Kansas Republican 
Brian Mast s1+Florida Republican 
Paul Mitchell s1+Michigan Republican 
John Rutherford s1+Florida Republican 
Claudia Tenney s1+New York Republican 

Independents participating in 16PVS_Q12

Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 17
Republicans: 20
Independents: 0

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