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John Edwards on Civil Rights

2004 Democratic Nominee for Vice President; Former Jr Senator (NC)


Subprime mess is also an issue of race

Q: Is this subprime mess really also an issue of race?

A: Yes. If they havenít been racially motivated, I donít know. Thereís no way for me to know whatís inside their head. But they have targeted the lowest income, most vulnerable families. If you are African-American, you are likely to have a net worth of about 10 percent of what white families have. This is not an accident. We can go put our heads against the wall and pretend that the past never happened, pretend that we didnít live through decades of slavery, followed by decades of segregation, followed by decades of discrimination, which is still going on today. That history and that legacy has consequences. The consequence has been that African-American families are more vulnerable to payday lenders, which is why we desperately need a national law, which would crack down on these predatory payday lenders. Itís not enough to do it state-by-state, because these predators just move from place to place to place.

Source: 2008 Congressional Black Caucus Democratic debate Jan 21, 2008

Equal housing policy and economic policy for all

If we really believe that every American is of equal value, no matter who their family is, where the live or what the color of their skin--when are we going to start living together? Because you look at whatís happening--I announced my campaign from the 9th ward of New Orleans. A lot of America was shocked to see those pictures coming out of the ninth ward. You canít pick on New Orleans. The same thingís true in many communities all over this country. We have got to--both in housing policy & economic policy and every other way--create the kind of opportunity for people to be able to move. It shouldnít just be that rich folks are able to, if they donít like their neighborhood or donít like their school or are worried about crime in their neighborhood, theyíre the only ones that can go somewhere else. Everybody in the US ought to have that chance, at the same time that weíre investing in a serious way to improving all of our neighborhoods.
Source: 2008 Congressional Black Caucus Democratic debate Jan 21, 2008

Ok to read about same-sex couples to second-graders

Q: Last year some parents of second graders in Lexington, Massachusetts, were outraged to learn their childrenís teacher had read a story about same-sex marriage, about a prince who marries another prince. Would you be comfortable having this story read to your children as part of their school curriculum?

A: Yes, absolutely. I want my children to understand everything about the difficulties that gay and lesbian couples are faced with every day, the discrimination that theyíre faced with every single day of their lives. Second grade might be a little tough, but even in second grade to be exposed to all of those possibilities because I donít want to impose my view. Nobody made me God. But what I will do as president is I will lead an effort to make sure that the same benefits that are available to heterosexual couples--1,100, roughly, benefits in the federal government--are available to same-sex couples; that we get rid of DOMA; that we get rid of ďdonít ask, donít tell.Ē

Source: 2007 Democratic primary debate at Dartmouth College Sep 6, 2007

Get rid of DOMA; get rid of donít-ask-donít-tell

I believe we desperately need to get rid of DOMA. I think we need to get rid of ďdonít ask, donít tell.Ē ďDonít ask, donít tellĒ is not just wrong now, it was wrong when it began. Itís been wrong the entire time, as is true with DOMA, exactly the same thingís true with DOMA.
Source: 2007 HRC/LOGO debate on gay issues Aug 9, 2007

Support transgendered people publicly while transitioning

Q: If a member of your staff came to you and told you that they were transgender and that they were thinking of transitioning, how would you react to that?

A: I would support them in every possible way, including on a personal and an emotional level, provide every bit of help and support that I possibly could in going through what they were going through. But the American people deserve to know, beyond your policy position, what your reaction is to it. Will you support them publicly? Are you willing to do whatís right, under the circumstances? And I can tell you, I know in my heart and soul that I would. Iíve had similar experiences when I was younger on issues of race that were extraordinarily difficult in the place where I grew up, where I did what I believed was right, where my family did what we believed was right. And I think thatís at least some indication of what I would do under these circumstances.

Source: 2007 HRC/LOGO debate on gay issues Aug 9, 2007

Mistake to say my faith makes me oppose same-sex marriage

Q: Youíve expressed your opposition to same-sex marriage, and youíve raised your faith as part of the reason for your opposition. Iím wondering if you could talk a little bit about what is it within your religion thatís leading you to this position?

A: Well, I have to tell you, I shouldnít have said that, because I believe, to my core, in equality. It makes perfect sense to me that gay and lesbian couples would say, ďCivil unions, great; 1,100 federal benefits, great; give us these rights, we deserve these rights.ď And theyíre absolutely right about that. But it stops short of real equality. And the only thing I would say about the faith question is I think from my perspective it is wrong -- because we have seen a president in the last six-plus years who tries to impose his faith on the American people. And I think it is a mistake and I will not impose my faith belief on the American people. I donít believe any president should do that. I believe in the separation of church and state.

Source: 2007 HRC/LOGO debate on gay issues Aug 9, 2007

On journey about same-sex marriage, but does not support it

Q: Youíve raised your faith as part of the reason for your opposition to same-sex marriage.

A: I shouldnít have said that, because I believe, to my core, in equality.

Q: If it is not your faith, then what is at the core of that resistance? I know that you said youíre on a journey, and Iím curious where and when you might end up on that journey.

A: I can tell you where I am. First of all, I think you deserve to know the truth, and the truth is that my position on same sex marriage has not changed. I do believe strongly in civil unions and the substantive rights that go with that. I believe we desperately need to get rid of DOMA. I think we need to get rid of ďdonít ask, donít tell.Ē I think we need to get rid of those things. Today I believe in all these other things, but I do not support same sex marriage. All I can tell you is where I am today. Thatís the best I can do. You deserve to know that from me.

Source: 2007 HRC/LOGO debate on gay issues Aug 9, 2007

No reparations for slavery; but plenty more we can do

Q: Are African-Americans ever going to get reparations for slavery?

A: Iím not for reparations. But I think there are other things we can do to create some equality that doesnít exist in this country today. Right here in Charleston, African Americans are paying more than their white counterparts for mortgages than any other place in America. What is the conceivable explanation for this, that black people are paying more for their mortgage? Itís not just low-income African Americans; itís high-income African-Americans. Thereís absolutely no explanation for this. It goes to the basic question [of a lack of equality]. To have a president thatís going to fight for equality, fight for real change, big change, bold change--we canít trade our insiders for their insiders. That doesnít work. What we need is somebody who will take these people on, these big banks, these mortgage companies. Thatís the only way weíre going to bring about change.

Source: 2007 YouTube Democratic Primary debate, Charleston SC Jul 23, 2007

Better advocate for women than Hillary Clinton

Q: Your wife Elizabeth said that you would be a better advocate for women than Senator Clinton. Was she right?

EDWARDS: I think what Elizabeth was saying was that there are very important issues facing women in this country. More women are affected by the minimum wage than men are affected by the minimum wage. There are more women in poverty than men in poverty. More women have difficulty getting the health care that they need than men do.

Q: So do you think youíre a better advocate for women?

EDWARDS: Listen, Senator Clinton has a long history of speaking out on behalf of women. She deserves to be commended for that. But I believe that on the issues that directly affect womenís lives, I have the strongest, boldest ideas and can bring about the change that needs to be brought.

CLINTON: I appreciate greatly Johnís comments. But I think itís terrific that weíre up here arguing about whoís going to be better for women, because isnít that a nice change for everybody to hear.

Source: 2007 YouTube Democratic Primary debate, Charleston SC Jul 23, 2007

Opposes gay marriage due to his religion; but conflicted

Q: You said your opposition to gay marriage is influenced by your Southern Baptist background. Most Americans agree it was wrong to use religion to justify slavery, segregation, and denying women the vote. So why is it still acceptable to use religion to deny gay Americans their equal rights?

A: I do not believe thatís right. I feel enormous personal conflict about this issue. I want to end discrimination. But I personally have been on a journey on this issue. My wife Elizabeth supports gay marriage. I do not. But this is a very, very difficult issue for me.

Q: The question is, why is it OK to cite religious beliefs when talking about why you donít support something?

A: Itís not. I mean, Iíve been asked a personal question, do I personally support gay marriage? The honest answer to that is I donít. But I think it is absolutely wrong, as president, for me to have used that faith basis as a basis for denying anybody their rights, and I will not do that when Iím president.

Source: 2007 YouTube Democratic Primary debate, Charleston SC Jul 23, 2007

Racial inequality is at heart & soul of my campaign

Q: Is race still the most intractable issue in America?

A: Inequality in America is at the heart & soul of why Iím running for president. The truth is that slavery followed by segregation followed by discrimination has had an impact that still is alive & well in America, and it goes through every single part of American life. These two Americas that Iíve talked about in the past--man, they are out there thriving every single day. We have two public school systems in America--one for the wealthy, one for everybody else. We have two health care systems, and we know that race plays an enormous role in the problems that African Americans face and the problems that African Americans face with health care every single day. And making sure that every single American, including people of color, are allowed to vote and that their vote is counted in the election. All of us have a responsibility to build one America that works for everybody, across all racial barriers that still exist in this country.

Source: 2007 Democratic Primary Debate at Howard University Jun 28, 2007

Support all partnership benefits for same-sex couples

What Gov. Richardson did [in New Mexico] and what New Hampshire has done is a great example for the rest of the country, not only civil unions, but all the partnership benefits, including getting rid of this ďdonít ask, donít tellĒ policy. I donít think the federal government has a role in telling either states or religious institutions, churches, what marriages they can bless and canít bless. New Hampshire ought to be able to make that decision for itself, like very other state in the cou
Source: 2007 Dem. debate at Saint Anselm College Jun 3, 2007

Equal opportunity needs to be active principle, not passive

Our nation was founded as the land of opportunity, and we should strive to provide equal opportunity. Americans willing to work should have access to entry-level jobs. Equality is one of the abiding principles on which America is based; we need to make it an active principle, not a passive one. Every single child should attend a good school, and every adult would be able to get the job training he or she needs.
Source: Ending Poverty in America, by John Edwards, p.259 Apr 2, 2007

Ten Commandments in courthouses cause more trouble than good

Q: What do you think about Ten Commandments being displayed in local courthouses?

A: Iíve been in courthouses where Iíve seen the Ten Commandments. Iíve never had a strong reaction to it. But how would Muslims or Hindus feel if they went into that courthouse? So Iím sensitive to that. You know, of course it wouldnít offend me because Iím Christian. And Iím certainly not offended by the idea of expressing faith in that circumstance. But probably it causes more trouble than good.

Source: www.Beliefnet.com, 2007 presidential interview series Mar 3, 2007

Let gays serve in the military

Q: Do you believe youíre born gay?

A: Iím not an expert on sexual orientation. I think that thereís a real possibility that people are born gay, yes.

Q: Do you believe that homosexuality is a sin?

A: No.

Q: Do you believe that openly gay men and women should be able to serve in the military.

A: Yes.

Q: And you would do that as president?

A: Absolutely.

Source: Meet the Press: 2007 ďMeet the CandidatesĒ series Feb 4, 2007

No gay marriage, but no discrimination & civil unions

Q: On gay marriage, you said this: ďIt is [a hard issue] because Iím 53 years old. I grew up in a small town in the rural south. I was raised in the Southern Baptist church and so I have a belief system that arises from that. Itís part of who I am. I canít make it disappear. I personally feel great conflict about that. I donít know the answer. I wish I did. I think from my perspective itís very easy for me to say, gay civil unions, yes, partnership benefits, yes, but it is something that I struggle with. Do I believe they should have the right to marry? Iím just not there yet.ď Why not?

A: I think itís from my own personal culture and faith belief. I struggle myself with imposing my faith belief. The question is whether I, as president, should impose my views on gay marriage because I know where it comes from. Iím aware of why I believe what I believe. And I think there is consensus around this idea of no discrimination, partnership benefits, civil unions.

Source: Meet the Press: 2007 ďMeet the CandidatesĒ series Feb 4, 2007

Allow gay couples to visit each other in the hospital

Q: Both you and Senator Kerry say you oppose gay marriage. Are you trying to have it both ways?

A: We both believe that marriage is between a man and a woman. But we also believe that gay and lesbians and gay and lesbian couples, those who have been in long-term relationships, deserve to be treated respectfully, they deserve to have benefits. For example, a gay couple now has a very difficult time, one, visiting the other when theyíre in the hospital, or, for example, if, heaven forbid, one of them were to pass away, they have trouble even arranging the funeral.

I mean, those are not the kind of things that Kerry and I believe in. But we do believe that marriage should be between a man and a woman. Bush is proposing a constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage that is completely unnecessary. Under the law of this country for the last 200 years, no state has been required to recognize another stateís marriage. North Carolina would not be required to recognize a marriage from Massachusetts.

Source: Edwards-Cheney debate: 2004 Vice Presidential Oct 5, 2004

Raising the minimum wage is a working womenís issue

Women make up only 48 percent of the overall American workforce, but 61 percent of the people who will get a raise when we increase the minimum wage. People who live on the minimum wage do not get cost of living adjustments - every year that their costs climb but the minimum wage stays the same is another year people living on the minimum wage can afford less. Economists believe the primary reason the wage gap expanded between middle- and low-wage women in the 1980s was the erosion in the minimum wage.
Source: [Xref Kerry] Our Plan for America , p. 22 Aug 10, 2004

Embrace equal opportunities for all, like I had

I have had such incredible opportunities in my life. I was blessed to be the first person in my family to go to college. I worked my way through, and I had opportunities beyond my wildest dreams. And the heart of this campaign - your campaign, our campaign - is to make sure all Americans have exactly the same kind opportunities that I had no matter where you live, no matter who your family is, no matter what the color of your skin is. This is the America we believe in.
Source: Acceptance speech to the Democratic National Convention Jul 28, 2004

Talk about race everywhere and to every American

I saw the ugly face of segregation and discrimination. I saw young, African-American kids being sent upstairs in movie theaters. I saw ďwhite onlyĒ signs on restaurant doors and luncheon counters. Iíve heard discussions about where and in front of who we ought to talk about race and equality and civil rights. I have an answer to those questions: Everywhere, everywhere, everywhere. This is not an African-American issue, not a Latino issue, not an Asian-American issue. This is an American issue.
Source: Acceptance speech to the Democratic National Convention Jul 28, 2004

Enormous strides for gays and lesbians without gay marriage

Q: How is your stance on gay marriage moving the country forward on gay rights?

A: There are a whole group of issues on which we can move the country forward. For example, the recognition of partnership benefits, changing our immigration and adoption laws, so that they provide equality to gay and lesbian couples, a re-examination of the ďdonít ask, donít tellĒ policy with our military leadership. There are fundamental things that we still havenít done.

Source: Democratic 2004 primary Debate in Greenville SC Jan 29, 2004

Flag burning is despicable, but not a constitutional issue

Q: Should the Constitution be amended to prohibit burning the American flag?

A: No. I believe flag burning is a despicable act, but I do not support a constitutional amendment to prohibit flag burning.

Source: Associated Press policy Q&A, ďFlag AmendmentĒ Jan 25, 2004

Let each state decide about civil unions and gay marriage

Q: President Bush said in the State of the Union address that the Defense of Marriage Act is not strong enough to protect the institution of marriage. Would you have voted against it in 1996?

EDWARDS: Yes, because what happened with the Defense of Marriage Act is it took away the power of states, like Vermont, to be able to do what they chose to do about civil unions, about these kinds of marriage issues. Massachusetts has just made a decision that embraces the notion of gay marriage. I think these are decisions that the states should have the power to make. And the Defense of Marriage Act would have taken away that power. And I think thatís wrong. That power should not be taken away from the states.

Q: Should other states be obliged to honor and recognize the civil union which Governor Dean signed?

EDWARDS: I think itís a decision that should be made on a state-by-state basis. I think each state should be able to make its own decision about what they embrace.

Source: Democratic 2004 Primary Debate at St. Anselm College Jan 22, 2004

Fund the Help America Vote Act

Q: What will you do to assure elections officials that the federal government is committed to making the Help America Vote Act work as Congress intended?

A: What Iíll do as president is, first of all, fund the legislation, and second, make sure that every single person in America gets a chance to be on a voter registration roll and that they get a chance to vote no matter what the level of the community that they live in. We need to make sure everybody gets an opportunity to both register and vote.

Source: Iowa Brown and Black Presidential Forum Jan 11, 2004

Remove Confederate flag from South Carolina state house

Q: Do you believe the Confederate flag should be displayed at state government buildings?

A: South Carolina, as a matter of compromise, displays the Confederate flag on a flagpole in front of the state capitol. Because I grew up in the South and believe that the Confederate flag is a very divisive symbol I have stated publicly a number of times that I believe that South Carolina should remove the flag from the state capital grounds.

Source: Concord Monitor / WashingtonPost.com on-line Q&A Nov 7, 2003

Most southerners donít drive around with Confederate flags

Q: Are you saying that the votes of those who fly the Confederate flag are too loathsome to even accept?

EDWARDS: Dean still has not said he was wrong [to seek those votes]. Were you wrong to say that?

DEAN: No, I wasnít. People who vote who fly the Confederate flag, I think they are wrong because the Confederate flag is a racist symbol. But I think there are lot of poor people who fly that flag because the Republicans have been dividing us by race since 1968 with their southern race strategy. I am tired of being divided by race in this country. I want to go down to the South and talk to people who donít make any more than anybody else up north but keep voting Republican against their own economic interests.

EDWARDS: The last thing we need in the South is somebody like you coming down and telling us what we need to do. I grew up in the South. I grew up with the very people that youíre talking about. The vast majority donít drive around with Confederate flags on pickup trucks.

Source: CNN ďRock The VoteĒ Democratic Debate Nov 5, 2003

PATRIOT Act removes liberties that itís supposed to protect

Q: Do you support revision or repeal of the PATRIOT Act?

EDWARDS: I support dramatic revision of the PATRIOT Act. The last thing we should be doing is turning over our privacy, our liberties, our freedom, our constitutional rights to John Ashcroft. First, the very notion that this administration can arrest American citizens on American soil, label them an enemy combatant, put them in prison, keep them there indefinitely-this runs contrary to everything we believe in this country. The notion that they are going to libraries to find out what books people are checking out, going to book stores to find out what books are being purchased. What we have to remember-and I will when I am president-is what it is we are supposed to be fighting for, what it is we are supposed to be protecting. These very liberties, this privacy, these constitutional rights-thatís whatís at stake in this fight. And we cannot let people like John Ashcroft take them away in an effort to protect ourselves.

Source: Congressional Black Caucus Institute debate Sep 9, 2003

Governments donít belong in bedrooms, including gay bedrooms

Q: Here in South Carolina, itís a felony for two gay men to have sex in their own home. Do you support that law? Or is there a fundamental right to privacy that protects that right?

EDWARDS: I believe there is a fundamental right to privacy. I do not believe the government belongs in peopleís bedrooms. I think that applies to both gay and lesbian couples and heterosexual couples.

MOSELEY-BRAUN: I absolutely agree that gay-lesbian, transgender and bisexual people are entitled to privacy as everybody else.

LIEBERMAN: I donít [support that law]. In fact, the law relates not only to gay couples, but to heterosexual couples as well, and itís a violation of the right of privacy. There is a case right now before the Supreme Court regarding a similar Texas law. I hope and believe itíll be struck down because Lord knows the prosecutors have more important things to do than prosecute cases like this. They ought to be prosecuting drug peddlers and criminals and all the rest.

Source: [X-ref to Lieberman] Democratic Debate in Columbia SC May 3, 2003

PATRIOT Act ok, if watchdogs protect civil liberties

MOSELEY-BRAUN [to Edwards]: Ben Franklin once said, ďThey that can give up essential liberties to obtain a little safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety.Ē I have real concerns that the PATRIOT Act vastly expending government power of surveillance, wire taps, arbitrary detention, investigation, and arguably violates [six] amendments to the Constitution. You voted for this bill. Will you vote to repeal it, or will you vote to restore the civil liberties guaranteed to the Americans, and privacy guaranteed to the Americans by the Constitution?

EDWARDS: I share that very serious concern. [But] the problem with the PATRIOT Act is not the law itself, itís the way itís being administered, particularly by Attorney General Ashcroft. We have had consistent problems with this. It is why I have proposed taking away from the FBI the responsibility of fighting terrorism and simultaneously setting up an independent watchdog group to make sure that none of us are losing our civil liberties.

Source: [X-ref from Moseley-Braun] Democratic Debate in Columbia SC May 3, 2003

Affirmative Action needed 40 years ago & still needed today

EDWARDS [to Graham]: You and I are both from the South. I believe itís really important for people from the South to lead, not follow, on Civil Rights, that I think itís important for us to have judges that we know will enforce our civil rights laws. I believe the president is wrong about [opposing] the Affirmative Action program at the University of Michigan. What do you believe we as Southerners can do to lift up and embrace people who today, not 40 years ago, today, still suffer the effects of discrimination every minute of their lives?

GRAHAM: One of the things that I would do, is to see that we put the Civil War behind us. Frankly, we Southerners have allowed the most extreme groups within our society to steal the images of the Confederacy and then use them as sources of division and hatred within our population.

Source: [X-ref to Graham] Democratic Debate in Columbia SC May 3, 2003


John Edwards on Voting Record

Opposes DOMA because states already can ignore gay marriages

Q: You oppose gay marriage?

EDWARDS: I do. But I believe that this is an issue that ought to be decided in the states. I think the federal government should honor whatever decision is made by the states. I would not support the Defense of Marriage Act today, if there were a vote today.

Q: You would not vote for it?

EDWARDS: I would not. I would not for a very simple reason. Thereís a part of it that I agree with, and thereís a part of it I disagree with. The Defense of Marriage Act specifically said that the federal government is not required to recognize gay marriage even if a state chooses to do so. I disagree with that. I think states should be allowed to make that decision. And the federal government shouldnít do it. The part I agree with is the states should not be required to recognize marriages from other states. Thatís already in the law, by the way, without DOMA. The law today does not require one state to recognize the marriage of another state.

Source: Democratic 2004 primary debate at USC Feb 26, 2004

Voted YES on adding sexual orientation to definition of hate crimes.

Motion to Invoke Cloture on S. 625; Local Law Enforcement Enhancement Act of 2001. The bill would expand the definition of hate crimes to incorporate acts committed because of a victim's sex, sexual orientation or disability and permit the federal government to help states prosecute hate crimes even if no federally protected action was implicated. If the cloture motion is agreed to, debate will be limited and a vote will occur. If the cloture motion is rejected debate could continue indefinitely and instead the bill is usually set aside. Hence a Yes vote supports the expansion of the definition of hate crimes, and a No vote keeps the existing definition. Three-fifths of the Senate, or 60 members, is required to invoke cloture.
Reference: Bill S.625 ; vote number 2002-147 on Jun 11, 2002

Voted YES on loosening restrictions on cell phone wiretapping.

Motion to table (kill) the amendment that would provide that in order to conduct roving surveillance, the person implementing the order must ascertain that the target of the surveillance is present in the house or is using the phone that has been tapped.
Reference: Bill S1510 ; vote number 2001-300 on Oct 11, 2001

Voted YES on expanding hate crimes to include sexual orientation.

Vote on an amendment that would expand the definition of hate crimes to include gender, sexual orientation and disability. The previous definition included only racial, religious or ethnic bias.
Reference: Bill S.2549 ; vote number 2000-136 on Jun 20, 2000

Shift from group preferences to economic empowerment of all.

Edwards adopted the manifesto, "A New Agenda for the New Decade":

Strengthen Americaís Common Civic Culture
The more ethnically and culturally diverse America becomes, the harder we must all work to affirm our common civic culture -- the values and democratic institutions we share and that define our national identity as Americans. This means we should resist an ďidentity politicsĒ that confers rights and entitlements on groups and instead affirm our common rights and responsibilities as citizens. Multiethnic democracy requires fighting discrimination against marginalized groups; empowering the disadvantaged to join the economic, political, and cultural mainstream; and respecting diversity while insisting that what we have in common as Americans is more important than how we differ. One way to encourage an ethic of citizenship and mutual obligation is to promote voluntary national service. If expanded to become available to everyone who wants to participate, national service can help turn the strong impulse toward volunteerism among our young people into a major resource in addressing our social problems. It will also help revive a sense of patriotism and national unity at a time when military service is no longer the common experience of young Americans.

Source: The Hyde Park Declaration 00-DLC6 on Aug 1, 2000

Rated 60% by the ACLU, indicating a mixed civil rights voting record.

Edwards scores 60% by the ACLU on civil rights issues

We work also to extend rights to segments of our population that have traditionally been denied their rights, including Native Americans and other people of color; lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and transgendered people; women; mental-health patients; prisoners; people with disabilities; and the poor. If the rights of societyís most vulnerable members are denied, everybodyís rights are imperiled.

Our ratings are based on the votes the organization considered most important; the numbers reflect the percentage of time the representative voted the organization's preferred position.

Source: ACLU website 02n-ACLU on Dec 31, 2002

Increase subsidies for women-owned non-profit business.

Edwards co-sponsored the Women's Business Center Safeguard Act

Amends the Small Business Act with respect to the women's business centers program to provide Small Business Administration funding authority for nonprofit organizations conducting projects for the benefit of small businesses owned and controlled by women. Increases from 30 to 54 the percentage of appropriated women's business center funds to be used during FY 2004 for sustained women's business center projects.

Source: Bill sponsored by 11 Senators 03-S2266 on Mar 31, 2004

Other candidates on Civil Rights: John Edwards on other issues:
Nominees:
GOP: Sen.John McCain
GOP V.P.: Gov.Sarah Palin
Democrat: Sen.Barack Obama
Dem.V.P.: Sen.Joe Biden

Third Parties:
Constitution: Chuck Baldwin
Libertarian: Rep.Bob Barr
Constitution: Amb.Alan Keyes
Liberation: Gloria La Riva
Green: Rep.Cynthia McKinney
Socialist: Brian Moore
Independent: Ralph Nader
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Page last updated: Feb 08, 2010