Eminent domain should not be used for private purposes
Donald TRUMP [to Bush]: These people always hit me with eminent domain, and frankly, I'm not in love with eminent domain. But eminent domain is something you need very strongly. When Jeb Bush said, "You used eminent domain privately for a parking lot."
It wasn't for a parking lot. The state of New Jersey went to build a very large tower that was going to employ thousands of people--a big job in terms of economic development. You understand that [Jeb and George Bush] took over a stadium in
Texas, & they used private eminent domain.
BUSH: There is all sorts of intrigue about where I disagree with my brother, there would be one right there. You should not use eminent domain for private purposes. A baseball stadium or a parking lot.is very
different. Transmission lines, pipe lines, bridges, and highways. All of that is proper use of eminent domain. Not to take an elderly woman's home to build a parking lot so that high-rollers can come from New York City to build casinos in Atlantic City.
Repeal EPA restrictions on clean water and clean power
On the regulatory side [of an economic growth strategy] I think we need to repeal every rule that Barack Obama has in terms of work in progress, every one of them, and start over. For those that are already in existence, the regulation of the Internet,
we have to start over, but we ought to do that. The Clean Power Plan [the EPA policy combatting climate change], we ought to repeal that and start over on that. The Waters of the United States act [the EPA definition which includes land adjacent to water
bodies under the Clean Water Act], which is going to be devastating for agriculture and many industries, we should repeal that. We should repeal the rules because the economic costs of this far exceed the social benefit.
And if we're serious about high growth, then we have to recognize that small businesses right now, more of them are closing than are being set up.
In his first 2016 visit to Iowa, Jeb Bush sought to delicately explain his desire to see the RFS [Renewable Fuel Standard, which requires corn-based ethanol] disappear over time. "The market's ultimately going to have to decide this," he told the
audience at the agriculture summit which took place at the Iowa State Fairgrounds.
Bush acknowledged that the mandate, which passed in 2007, has helped lower dependence on foreign oil and boost corn-heavy economies. "But as we move forward over the
long haul, there should be certainty for people to invest," he argued, saying ethanol will no longer need help from the government. "So at some point we'll see a reduction of the RFS need, because ethanol will be such a valuable part of the
energy feedstock for our country." He declined, however, to suggest when exactly that may happen.
Bush's frank statements on the RFS indicated that he plans on sticking with his positions, no matter how unpopular they may be to certain audiences.
In the past, Jeb used to emphasize the rights of big landowners who felt cheated by environmental programs. Now, he is a champion of state-sponsored conservation, celebrated for his $2 billion program to restore the Everglades.
Bush insists that he
will not contort himself to satisfy ideologues, but his views have already changed--in presentation, in tone, in language and, at times, in substance.
A useful case study: the environment. Before the 1994 election, Bush supported a state constitutional
amendment, also backed by big corporations, to compensate landowners hurt by conservation efforts. He held out the prospect of cutting funds for a major program to purchase environmentally fragile lands and declared that "excessive regulation does not
mean we are going to improve the quality of water, air or land-use planning."
But Bush met with conservation experts and toured important environmental sites across Florida. When he was elected four years later, "his heart changed," an adviser said.
Florida Forever: $1B for environmental land purchases
As Preservation 2000 came to its expiration, the Florida legislature created Florida Forever to implement its requirements. The new program produced about $300 million annually from the sale of bonds. 72% of Florida's voters supported this amendment in
As governor, Bush signed the legislation authorized by the constitutional amendment, publicly supported the program over the course of his administration, cooperated with the cabinet to expend over
$1 billion in bond money on purchases of land of environmental importance to the state, and routinely used his support of this program in promoting his environmental legacy. Nevertheless, only a year after the passage of Florida
Forever, the governor undercut the program, and raised questions about his commitment to environmental conservation, by raiding its funds in the amount of $75 million in order to cover budgetary shortfalls that he was unwilling to raise taxes to cover.
Everglades are "crown jewel" of Florida environmental legacy
The largest conservation project in which Governor Bush was involved was the effort to restore the Florida Everglades. The "unwavering commitment of Governor Bush and the Florida legislature" to saving the Everglades was cited by Bush's first secretary
of Environmental Protection as the "crown jewel" in Florida's environmental legacy. A mammoth undertaking, its roots in the administration of former governor Bob Graham, this legislation involved both the state of Florida and the federal government and
was just the kind of big-government spending plan that Bush had deplored throughout his campaigns for office and subsequently as governor. Nevertheless, when President Clinton signed the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, Bush attended the
ceremony in Washington and said, "the restoration of America's Everglades has been one of my administration's top priorities" and said later that it was THE highest environmental priority.
Bush pushed the Florida legislature to provide the funding for Florida's contribution to the Everglades restoration and to do so in advance of federal funding for the project. This legislation was widely supported by environmental groups.
Bush's support earned the governor the "Steward of the Everglades" award from the Everglades Coalition.
Governor Bush also kept additional funding promises to the Everglades.
In 2004, he unveiled a $1.5 billion plan called "Acceler8" to complete 8 components of restoration, most of them water-supply reservoirs that would restore water flows 10 years ahead of schedule.
The plan was financed with Wall Street bond money. And in 2005 he proposed a $200 million initiative to clean up Lake Okeechobee.
Declined results of state survey to limit urban sprawl
The governor moved cautiously to redeem what had been strong growth management campaign pledges. Rather than propose initiatives, he asked the Department of Community Affairs to survey Floridians about the issues involved. The results from the survey
suggested broad public support for protection of identified state interests, for a state vision and a stronger state plan, for limiting urban sprawl, for establishing urban growth boundaries, and for a "strong, wide-ranging role for the state and
expanded access for citizens." Governor Bush, allegedly under pressure from the development community, declined to accept these findings and appointed instead a Growth Management Study Commission to make appropriate recommendations.
Another year passed before the commission completed its report and announced support for many of the findings from the 2000 survey, but in a crucial difference recommended limiting the role of state government in regulating the growth management process.
2004: Universal praise for handling spate of hurricanes
Jeb drew almost universal praise for his handling of the spate of hurricanes that hit Florida in 2004. All the traits that make him such a scary leader in other areas actually work to good effect, when it comes to managing disasters. He did those things
that should happen when a storm strikes. Implement an effective, thorough evacuation. And, afterward, come in quickly with massive quantities of help: search and rescue teams, water, ice, food, law enforcement--in more or less that order.
view might see this as pure political survival: the Florida hurricanes struck a broad cross section of constituents, many if not most of them white, middle class, and Republican.
This view, though, misses a key component of Jeb's personality, which is
that he loves a tough challenge. He really would have responded just as vigorously if the storm had struck a predominantly black, entirely Democratic town. Katrina serves as the perfect illustration of the difference between Jeb and Big Brother.
Jeb wanted it all hush-hush. They picked a site [for the Scripps project] at the edge of the Florida Everglades, a spot the state's huge home builders had been itching to explore for years.
This quite understandably raised the ire of some county
commission members, and pretty much every environmental group in the state. Mecca Farms, the site chosen, was well beyond the county's "urban services boundary," the line the county had drawn to limit urban sprawl and protect what remained of the
county's wetlands. Ramming through a 1,920-acre--that's more than 3 square miles--development out across the street from the Corbett Wildlife Management Area not only violated the county's own planning rules, but also created a precedent for
every other developer wanting the same thing. How could the county tell John Doe and Sons Builders that they could not erect 3,000 homes across the street from the Everglades when the county had just done exactly the same thing for Scripps?
We're actively conserving environmentally sensitive land. Everglades restoration is ahead of schedule and under budget. We're restoring the Loxahatchee and opening areas that have been closed for decades by pollution.
Today a new marine sanctuary protects the Florida Keys, and conservation along the banks of the Suwannee spurs eco-tourism and the economies of eight rural counties.
From the River of Grass to Florida's springs to the oceans that roll up on our shores, Florida will continue to protect the natural bounty and beauty of our state. We are carefully balancing our growth and environmental protection--to create the
best quality of life and business climate in the country. As a result, Florida is regularly on the short list for companies looking to expand or relocate and we are winning more of these competitions every day.
Drilling in Gulf of Mexico hurts Florida tourism industry
The Interior Department faces opposition from Jeb Bush to its proposal to auction off rights to a six-million-acre field in the Gulf of Mexico. “I am confident,” Governor Bush wrote in a letter to the secretary of the interior, “that the new
administration will recognize the need to protect sensitive natural resources located both offshore and along Florida’s coastline for the benefit of the entire nation.”
The area that Jeb Bush seeks to stop from being auctioned is not covered by the
existing moratorium [on other off-shore drilling]. It actually lies off the coast of Alabama, but close enough to Florida to worry state environmentalists. “Florida’s economy is based upon tourism and other activities that depend on a clean and healthy
environment,” Jeb Bush wrote in his letter to Washington. “As a result, we continue to have the nation’s best beaches, abundant fisheries, and pristine marine waters. Protection of those resources is of paramount importance to the state of Florida.”
Restrict Eminent Domain; most severe of all govt powers
The power of government to take property is perhaps the most severe of all governmental powers. State government must be frugal in the exercise of this power, and conscientious when it is expanded.
In this particular bill, eminent domain authority is
expanded to benefit the North Broward Hospital District. This is undoubtedly a worthwhile and needed project, [and] the hospital has begun negotiations with local property owners to purchase their properties.
My objection to this well-intended bill,
however, is that the hospital has begun this process [under the old rules, and] to change these rules [in the middle of the process] would not be in the spirit of fair play.
Additionally, this bill would set a dangerous precedent for one-time
expansions of eminent domain authority. I believe this is a poor basis for creating new statutes. If the expansion of quick-take authority is an issue that needs addressing, the Legislature should do so as a policy debate for statewide application.
Source: Approval notification on Senate Bill 1230
, Jun 7, 2000
Let industries “self-audit”; compensate for “takings”
Supports the following principles concerning the environment:
Support “self-audit” legislation which creates incentives for industries to audit themselves and clean up pollution
Require full compensation when environmental regulations limit
uses on privately owned land
Provide funding for recycling programs
Request added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environmental regulations
Supports extending the Preservation 2000 program in Florida.
Source: 1998 Florida National Political Awareness Test
, Jul 2, 1998
More state autonomy on brownfields & Superfund cleanups.
Bush adopted the National Governors Association position paper:
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), otherwise known as Superfund, was created to clean up the worst hazardous waste sites across the country and to recoup expenses from responsible parties. Since the law was enacted in 1980, the Superfund program has caused significant amounts of litigation, while cleanup of hazardous waste sites has not been as fast or effective as the statute envisioned. In addition, states have not had the necessary tools or funding from the federal government to adequately clean up state sites. “Brownfields” sites—abandoned or undeveloped non-Superfund industrial or commercial sites under state jurisdiction—have gained increasing attention from Congress in recent years as passage of a comprehensive Superfund package has become increasingly unlikely.
NGA supports the reauthorization of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980. NGA policy calls for more opportunities for states to take authority for cleanup of National Priorities List (NPL) sites, increased autonomy and funding over brownfield sites, and the concurrence of a Governor before a site can be listed on the NPL.
Source: National Governors Association "Issues / Positions" 01-NGA15 on Aug 1, 2001
Support State Revolving Loan Fund for flexible Clean Water.
Bush adopted the National Governors Association position paper:
The Clean Water Act (CWA) has not been reauthorized since 1987. At that time, provisions were added to address nonpoint source pollution, pollution from diffuse sources such as runoff of fertilizers and pesticides, stormwater runoff, and sediment. Governors and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) disagree on the best approach to addressing the problem of nonpoint source pollution.
NGA supports the reauthorization of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (the Clean Water Act). The Governors support an increased focus on watershed management planning, including funding for the State Revolving Loan Fund (SRF) and nonpoint source pollution programs. States should have the flexibility to develop plans for attaining federally approved water quality standards in impaired waters - in consultation with local government officials and stakeholders - and to allocate responsibility for cleanup among contributors. The TMDL regulations should be revised, by legislation if necessary, to give states adequate flexibility, funding, and time to address impaired waters.
Source: National Governors Association "Issues / Positions" 01-NGA9 on Aug 1, 2001
Supports national drought policy, focusing on readiness.
Bush signed the Southern Governors' Association resolution:
Whereas, the recent severe drought conditions throughout the South have created life-threatening situations as well as financial burdens for both government and individuals, and drought conditions are expected to persist in several states in the South;
Whereas, the effects of drought build up and last for several years and, therefore, government programs to address other natural disasters are not well suited to prepare for or respond to droughts;
Whereas, extremely dry conditions have led to numerous forest and rangeland fires, burning tens of thousands of acres of land, destroying homes and communities and eliminating critical habitats for wildlife;
Whereas, the impacts of drought follow no political boundary and drought assistance programs occur at both state and federal levels of government, making it essential to cooperatively plan for and implement measures that will provide relief from current drought situations and
prepare for future drought emergencies;
Whereas, a national drought policy is needed, and the National Drought Policy Commission (NDPC) has issued a report emphasizing moving from relief to readiness; now, therefore, be it
Resolved, the southern governors call upon the Congress to adopt a coordinated, integrated national drought program that
emphasizes preparedness over insurance, insurance over relief, and incentives over regulation;
coordinates drought programs and response between federal and nonfederal entities by creating a coordinating council with meaningful participation by regionally-balanced nonfederal representation, and that this council continue to identify and close gaps in the availability of federal programs in different regions; and
includes a crop insurance program that would make it practicable and prudent for all types of farmers in all areas of the country to obtain coverage.
Source: Resolution of Southern Governor's Assn. on NDPC 01-SGA10 on Sep 9, 2001
Maintain water flow in Mississippi & Missouri Rivers.
Bush signed the Southern Governors' Association resolution:
Whereas, the flow of commerce on the Mississippi River is essential to the economic welfare of the nation;
Whereas, the USDA reports that 70% of the nation’s total grain exports were handled through Mississippi River port elevators;
Whereas, free movement of water-borne commerce on the Inland Waterway System is critical to the delivery of goods to deep-water ports for international trade;
Whereas, the reliability of adequate flows for navigation is a key requirement for fulfillment of delivery contracts, employment in ports and terminals, and energy efficiency;
Whereas, delays and stoppages would threaten the successful implementation of international trade agreements under NAFTA and GATT;
Whereas, the Missouri River contributes up to 65% of the Mississippi River flow at St. Louis during low water conditions;
Whereas, reduction of Missouri River flows above St. Louis would result in more frequent
and more costly impediments to the flow of commerce on the Mississippi River;
Whereas, the reach of the Mississippi River between St. Louis and Cairo, Illinois is at highest risk for delays and stoppages of navigation because of low-water conditions; and
Whereas, the US Army Corps of Engineers is considering several proposed alterations to the current edition of the Master Water Control Manual for the Missouri River that would reduce support of water-borne commerce by restricting the flow of the river during the summer and fall, low-water period at St. Louis; now, therefore, be it
Resolved, That the Southern Governors’ Association would strongly oppose any alterations that would have such an effect and would urge the Corps to consult with affected inland waterway states prior to endorsing any proposal that would alter the current edition of the manual.
Source: Resolution of Southern Governor's Assn. on Mississippi River 01-SGA14 on Feb 27, 2001