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President of the U.S., 1974-1977; Republican Rep. (MI)
Gerald Ford
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The Obamians, by James Mann

The American Presidency Project

A Nation Like No Other, by Newt Gingrich

Known and Unknown, by Donald Rumsfeld

Leadership and Crisis, by Bobby Jindal

Decision Points, by George W. Bush

In the President`s Secret Service, by Ronald Kessler

American Conspiracies, by Gov. Jesse Ventura

Critical: What We Can Do About the Health Care Crisis, by Tom Daschle

What A Party!, by Terry McAuliffe and Steve Kettman

A Patriot`s Handbook, selected and introduced by Caroline Kennedy

The Family: The Real Story of the Bush Dynasty, by Kitty Kelley

Profiles In Courage For Our Time, by Caroline Kennedy

Cameron Lynch in William and Mary Environmental Law Review, vol. 26 #1

Shadow: Five Presidents and the Legacy of Watergate, by Bob Woodward

Kennedy & Nixon, by Chris Matthews

As Good As Its People, by Jimmy Carter

Bill sponsorship archives from the Library of Congress

A Time to Heal, by Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford's State of the Union speeches, 1975-1977

The Carter-Ford Presidential Debates

(click a picture above for excerpts or other books and debates by or about Gerald_Ford)

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International Issues  Domestic Issues   Economic Issues  Social Issues 
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Homeland Security Crime Government Reform   Civil Rights
War & Peace Drugs Tax Reform Abortion
Free Trade Health Care Social Security Families & Children
Immigration  Technology Corporations Welfare & Poverty
Energy & Oil  Environment Jobs Principles & Values
Gerald Ford on Abortion
Click here for the full quote on Abortion OR other political leaders on Abortion.
  • Favors constitutional amendment to outlaw abortion. (Oct 1976)
Gerald Ford on Budget & Economy
Click here for 9 full quotes on Budget & Economy OR other political leaders on Budget & Economy.
  • 1974: Whip Inflation Now, "WIN", became national punch line. (Feb 2011)
  • Tax cuts are the best way to stimulate the economy. (Sep 1976)
  • Balance government & individual; cut government growth to 5%. (Jan 1976)
  • Ford to New York City: Drop Dead. (Oct 1975)
  • Federal "vision" means big spending. (Apr 1975)
  • Long-term recovery at the cost of short-term suffering. (Jan 1975)
  • Moratorium on federal spending, to fight recession. (Jan 1975)
  • Whip Inflation Now: voluntary participation in WIN campaign. (Oct 1974)
  • Fight economic crises by projecting a steady hand. (Aug 1974)
Gerald Ford on Civil Rights
Click here for 4 full quotes on Civil Rights OR other political leaders on Civil Rights.
  • Would choose woman V.P. if he could do it over. (Aug 1976)
  • Face up to gay rights as a serious problem. (Mar 1976)
  • Endorsed the Equal Rights Amendment. (Aug 1974)
  • Delay court-ordered busing until all appeals exhausted. (Jan 1973)
Gerald Ford on Corporations
Click here for the full quote on Corporations OR other political leaders on Corporations.
  • Reduce corporate tax rate from 48% to 46%. (Jan 1977)
Gerald Ford on Crime
Click here for 5 full quotes on Crime OR other political leaders on Crime.
  • Survived 1975 assassination attempt by Squeaky Fromme. (Jun 2009)
  • Survived 1975 assassination attempt by Sara Jane Moore. (Jun 2009)
  • To be effective, punishment must be swift and certain. (Jan 1976)
  • More mandatory sentencing; more focus on victims. (Apr 1975)
  • Death sentence only after separate sentencing hearing. (Mar 1973)
Gerald Ford on Drugs
Click here for 3 full quotes on Drugs OR other political leaders on Drugs.
  • Mandatory sentences for sale of hard drugs. (Jan 1976)
  • Mandatory sentencing for federal drug offenders. (Jun 1975)
  • Mandatory 5-year minimum sentence for 4 ounces of heroin. (Mar 1973)
Gerald Ford on Education
Click here for 4 full quotes on Education OR other political leaders on Education.
  • OpEd: School segregation has increased in the Northeast. (Oct 1976)
  • Favors constitutional amendment for voluntary school prayer. (Oct 1976)
  • Increase federal spending on education, but not by $30B. (Sep 1976)
  • Tuition tax credit at private grade schools. (Jan 1973)
Gerald Ford on Energy & Oil
Click here for 7 full quotes on Energy & Oil OR other political leaders on Energy & Oil.
  • Strip mining & high emissions OK if labor & management agree. (Oct 1976)
  • Need more oil and gas production in comprehensive program. (Sep 1976)
  • No gas tax increase to solve energy crisis. (Jan 1975)
  • 12% investment tax credit for nuclear power plants. (Jan 1975)
  • Higher taxes on oil to reduce imports. (Jan 1975)
  • Require oil marketing to independent contractors. (Jun 1973)
  • Let Big Three automakers collaborate on reducing emissions. (Feb 1973)
Gerald Ford on Environment
Click here for 6 full quotes on Environment OR other political leaders on Environment.
  • Relaxed regulations of strip mining. (Jan 2001)
  • Made EPA more efficient, but mostly neglected it for economy. (Jan 2001)
  • OpEd: consistently reduced pollution enforcement. (Oct 1976)
  • Vetoed coal-mining reductions: jobs trump environment. (Dec 1974)
  • Designate Isle Royale National Park as wilderness area. (Mar 1973)
  • $409M for public works on rivers and dams. (Feb 1973)
Gerald Ford on Families & Children
Click here for other political leaders on Families & Children.
    No issue stance yet recorded by OnTheIssues.org.
Gerald Ford on Foreign Policy
Click here for 9 full quotes on Foreign Policy OR other political leaders on Foreign Policy.
  • 1975: organized emergency military evacuation from Vietnam. (Jun 2011)
  • 1986: Iran-Contra covert operation deserves condemnation. (Sep 2004)
  • Eastern Europe NOT dominated by USSR? (Oct 1976)
  • Eastern Europeans don't concede Soviet domination. (Oct 1976)
  • Soviets dominate economy in Poland but not Polish spirit. (Oct 1976)
  • Build long-term basis for coexistence with Communists. (Jan 1975)
  • Disagreed on linking Soviet MFN with Jewish emigration. (Dec 1974)
  • Note human rights when sending US troops to South Korea. (Nov 1974)
  • Quiet diplomacy best for issues like Soviet Jewish emigres. (Aug 1974)
Gerald Ford on Free Trade
Click here for 5 full quotes on Free Trade OR other political leaders on Free Trade.
  • Begin trade with developing nations. (Jan 1977)
  • Suspended then reinstated grain sales to Soviets. (Sep 1975)
  • Vetoed US-flagged oil tanker rules as too protectionist. (Dec 1974)
  • Proponent of free trade, even with Japanese export pressure. (Nov 1974)
  • Remove import tariffs on hollow reinforcing bars. (Feb 1973)
Gerald Ford on Government Reform
Click here for 6 full quotes on Government Reform OR other political leaders on Government Reform.
  • A government that gives everything can also take everything. (Nov 2010)
  • Cutting defense negatively impacts economy and jobs. (Oct 1976)
  • Untangle the petty tyranny of massive government regulation. (Jan 1976)
  • More local initiative; even if not "visionary". (Apr 1975)
  • Congress is too fragmented & too involved in foreign policy. (Aug 1974)
  • Truth is the glue that holds our government together. (Aug 1974)
Gerald Ford on Gun Control
Click here for 3 full quotes on Gun Control OR other political leaders on Gun Control.
  • Gun registration does not reduce crime; focus on misuse. (Oct 1976)
  • 500 new federal agents to help stop sale & use of handguns. (Jan 1976)
  • Ban Saturday Night Specials, but no regulations nor licenses. (Jun 1975)
Gerald Ford on Health Care
Click here for 3 full quotes on Health Care OR other political leaders on Health Care.
  • Urged national health insurance bill. (Feb 2008)
  • Catastrophic health insurance for all Medicare recipients. (Jan 1976)
  • Vetoes $550M for public heath services. (Jul 1975)
Gerald Ford on Homeland Security
Click here for 9 full quotes on Homeland Security OR other political leaders on Homeland Security.
  • 1970s CIA assassination efforts led to ban on assassinations. (Jun 2012)
  • OpEd: Kept FBI informed of Warren Commission activities. (Mar 2010)
  • 1964: Evaluated Kennedy assassination for Warren Report. (Mar 2010)
  • Give draft evaders opportunity to earn their records back. (Sep 1976)
  • 1976 themes: limited government; strong defense. (Jul 1975)
  • Negotiated SALT-II missile limits with USSR. (Nov 1974)
  • Two years alternative service for Vietnam draft dodgers. (Sep 1974)
  • Real spending on defense decreased during Vietnam. (Aug 1974)
  • Warren Commission: no conspiracy on JFK killing. (Jul 1964)
Gerald Ford on Immigration
Click here for the full quote on Immigration OR other political leaders on Immigration.
  • More southern border patrol to stop heroin traffic. (Apr 1976)
Gerald Ford on Jobs
Click here for 3 full quotes on Jobs OR other political leaders on Jobs.
  • Job-creation tax incentive where unemployment exceeds 7%. (Jan 1976)
  • Remove farm acreage limitations, to keep inflation down. (Oct 1974)
  • Dems prefer to fight unemployment; GOP fight inflation. (Aug 1974)
Gerald Ford on Principles & Values
Click here for 22 full quotes on Principles & Values OR other political leaders on Principles & Values.
  • 1980: Reagan considered offering "co-presidency". (Nov 2010)
  • Portrayed as a klutz, but was actually athletic. (Jun 2009)
  • On youth apathy: I could never sit on the sidelines. (Jan 2007)
  • Pardoned Nixon under almost universally condemnation. (Apr 2003)
  • 1974: Pardoned Nixon to "end our long national nightmare". (Oct 2001)
  • Told 8 days prior to resignation that Nixon would resign. (Oct 2001)
  • Cites Supreme Court decision: accepting pardon imputes guilt. (Oct 2001)
  • Preserved White House tapes, despite requests from Nixon. (Oct 2001)
  • 1976: I tried to restore shattered confidence in democracy. (Oct 2001)
  • Profile in Courage Award for pardon of Nixon. (May 2001)
  • Pardoning Nixon carries an imputation of guilt & confession. (Jun 1999)
  • 1972: Killed banking committee's investigation of Watergate. (Jun 1996)
  • North Vietnam must account for US MIAs or bar from UN. (Oct 1976)
  • New balance: for both government and individuals. (Jan 1976)
  • It is time we quit downgrading ourselves as a nation. (Jan 1976)
  • Pardoning Nixon let America's healing begin. (Sep 1974)
  • Rules for Congress: communication, conciliation, compromise. (Aug 1974)
  • I'm not elected, but also I'm not indebted to anyone. (Aug 1974)
  • Nixon brought his troubles upon himself. (Aug 1974)
  • Chosen by Nixon as safe choice for V.P. (Oct 1973)
  • 21-day period each year to Honor America. (Jun 1973)
  • Economic conservative; social moderate; foreign liberal. (Jul 1948)
Gerald Ford on Social Security
Click here for 3 full quotes on Social Security OR other political leaders on Social Security.
  • Absurd to risk federal money in stock market. (Feb 1976)
  • 0.3% increase in payroll tax to ensure Trust Fund. (Jan 1976)
  • Entitlements make federal role into redistribution of income. (Aug 1974)
Gerald Ford on Tax Reform
Click here for 5 full quotes on Tax Reform OR other political leaders on Tax Reform.
  • Cutting federal spending justifies tax cuts. (Sep 1976)
  • Permanent tax cuts accompanies by spending cuts. (Oct 1975)
  • $16B rebate of personal & corporate taxes, as stimulus. (Feb 1975)
  • One-time rebate of $1000 per person & $4B for businesses. (Jan 1975)
  • Raised taxes to fight inflation. (Oct 1974)
Gerald Ford on Technology
Click here for other political leaders on Technology.
    No issue stance yet recorded by OnTheIssues.org.
Gerald Ford on War & Peace
Click here for 10 full quotes on War & Peace OR other political leaders on War & Peace.
  • If president in 2003, would have used sanctions against Iraq. (Dec 2006)
  • 1975: Ordered US aircraft to evacuate South Vietnamese. (Jun 1999)
  • Vietnam evacuation postponed to avoid damage to Vietnamese. (Apr 1975)
  • Quid pro quo: arms to Israel for peace process flexibility. (Mar 1975)
  • Supported Vietnam War, to contain Communist aggression. (Mar 1975)
  • Vietnam War could have been won in the 1960s. (Mar 1975)
  • Supported arms to Cyprus Turks to promote peace with Greeks. (Feb 1975)
  • Offered "earned amnesty" to Vietnam draft dodgers. (Sep 1974)
  • Israel negotiations require flexible toughness, but not USSR. (Sep 1974)
  • Iraq war was not justified. (Dec 2006)
Gerald Ford on Welfare & Poverty
Click here for 3 full quotes on Welfare & Poverty OR other political leaders on Welfare & Poverty.
  • Urban policy: $6B in revenue sharing for cities & states. (Oct 1976)
  • Long overdue reform of scandal-riddled food stamp program. (Jan 1976)
  • Replaced categorical housing grants with block grants. (Sep 1974)


VoteMatch Responses
(Click here for VoteMatch quiz)
VoteMatch Question & Answer
(Click on question for explanation and background)
Based on these stances:
(Click on topic for excerpt & citation)
Strongly Opposes topic 1:
Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right
(-5 points on Social scale)
Favors constitutional amendment to outlaw abortion: Strongly Opposes topic 1
Opposes topic 2:
Legally require hiring women & minorities
(+2 points on Economic scale)
OpEd: School segregation has increased in the Northeast: Strongly Opposes topic 2
Would choose woman V.P. if he could do it over: Favors topic 2
Endorsed the Equal Rights Amendment: Strongly Favors topic 2
Delay court-ordered busing until all appeals exhausted: Strongly Opposes topic 2
Favors topic 3:
Comfortable with same-sex marriage
(+2 points on Social scale)
Face up to gay rights as a serious problem: Favors topic 3
Strongly Favors topic 4:
Keep God in the public sphere
(-5 points on Social scale)
Favors constitutional amendment for voluntary school prayer: Strongly Favors topic 4
Replaced categorical housing grants with block grants: Favors topic 4
Favors topic 5:
Expand ObamaCare
(-3 points on Economic scale)
Urged national health insurance bill: Strongly Favors topic 5
Urged national health insurance bill: Strongly Favors topic 5
Catastrophic health insurance for all Medicare recipients: Favors topic 5
Vetoes $550M for public heath services: Opposes topic 5
Opposes topic 6:
Privatize Social Security
(-3 points on Economic scale)
Absurd to risk federal money in stock market: Strongly Opposes topic 6
0.3% increase in payroll tax to ensure Trust Fund: Opposes topic 6
Entitlements make federal role into redistribution of income: Favors topic 6
Strongly Favors topic 7:
Vouchers for school choice
(+5 points on Economic scale)
Tuition tax credit at private grade schools: Strongly Favors topic 7
Favors topic 8:
Clean air and water are property rights
(+2 points on Social scale)
Relaxed regulations of strip mining: Strongly Favors topic 8
Made EPA more efficient, but mostly neglected it for economy: Favors topic 8
OpEd: consistently reduced pollution enforcement: Strongly Favors topic 8
Designate Isle Royale National Park as wilderness area: Strongly Opposes topic 8
$409M for public works on rivers and dams: Opposes topic 8
Strongly Favors topic 9:
Stricter punishment reduces crime
(-5 points on Social scale)
To be effective, punishment must be swift and certain: Strongly Favors topic 9
More mandatory sentencing; more focus on victims: Strongly Favors topic 9
Death sentence only after separate sentencing hearing: Favors topic 9
Favors topic 10:
Absolute right to gun ownership
(+2 points on Economic scale)
Gun registration does not reduce crime; focus on misuse: Strongly Favors topic 10
500 new federal agents to help stop sale & use of handguns: Opposes topic 10
Ban Saturday Night Specials, but no regulations nor licenses: Favors topic 10
Strongly Opposes topic 11:
Higher taxes on the wealthy
(+5 points on Economic scale)
Reduce corporate tax rate from 48% to 46%: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Tax cuts are the best way to stimulate the economy: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Permanent tax cuts accompanies by spending cuts: Strongly Opposes topic 11
One-time rebate of $1000 per person & $4B for businesses: Strongly Opposes topic 11
Raised taxes to fight inflation: Strongly Favors topic 11
Opposes topic 12:
Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens
(-3 points on Social scale)
More southern border patrol to stop heroin traffic: Opposes topic 12
Strongly Favors topic 13:
Support & expand free trade
(+5 points on Economic scale)
Begin trade with developing nations: Strongly Favors topic 13
Suspended then reinstated grain sales to Soviets: Opposes topic 13
Vetoed US-flagged oil tanker rules as too protectionist: Strongly Favors topic 13
Proponent of free trade, even with Japanese export pressure: Strongly Favors topic 13
Remove import tariffs on hollow reinforcing bars: Favors topic 13
No opinion on topic 14:
Maintain US sovereignty from UN
(0 points on Economic scale)
North Vietnam must account for US MIAs or bar from UN: Favors topic 14
Build long-term basis for coexistence with Communists: Opposes topic 14
Favors topic 15:
Expand the military
(-3 points on Social scale)
Cutting defense negatively impacts economy and jobs: Strongly Favors topic 15
1976 themes: limited government; strong defense: Strongly Favors topic 15
Negotiated SALT-II missile limits with USSR: Opposes topic 15
Real spending on defense decreased during Vietnam: Favors topic 15
No opinion on topic 16:
Stricter limits on voting rights
(0 points on Social scale)
(No votes on which to base response)
Opposes topic 17:
Stay out of Iran
(-3 points on Social scale)
If president in 2003, would have used sanctions against Iraq: Favors topic 17
Supported Vietnam War, to contain Communist aggression: Strongly Opposes topic 17
Vietnam War could have been won in the 1960s: Strongly Opposes topic 17
Two years alternative service for Vietnam draft dodgers: Favors topic 17
Offered "earned amnesty" to Vietnam draft dodgers: Favors topic 17
Iraq war was not justified: Strongly Opposes topic 17
Opposes topic 18:
Prioritize green energy
(+2 points on Economic scale)
Strip mining & high emissions OK if labor & management agree: Strongly Opposes topic 18
Need more oil and gas production in comprehensive program: Strongly Opposes topic 18
Higher taxes on oil to reduce imports: Favors topic 18
Vetoed coal-mining reductions: jobs trump environment: Strongly Opposes topic 18
Require oil marketing to independent contractors: Opposes topic 18
Let Big Three automakers collaborate on reducing emissions: Favors topic 18
Strongly Favors topic 19:
Never legalize marijuana
(-5 points on Social scale)
Mandatory sentences for sale of hard drugs: Strongly Favors topic 19
Mandatory sentencing for federal drug offenders: Strongly Favors topic 19
Mandatory 5-year minimum sentence for 4 ounces of heroin: Favors topic 19
Opposes topic 20:
Stimulus better than market-led recovery
(+2 points on Economic scale)
Cutting federal spending justifies tax cuts: Strongly Opposes topic 20
Federal "vision" means big spending: Strongly Favors topic 20
$16B rebate of personal & corporate taxes, as stimulus: Strongly Opposes topic 20
Moratorium on federal spending, to fight recession: Opposes topic 20

Gerald Ford is a Moderate Conservative.
Click here for explanation of political philosophy.
Click here for VoteMatch quiz.

                                                                                                                                                                               
  


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