Background on Principles & Values

This section cites the candidates’ underlying philosophies, principles for decision-making, and the values that underlie their stances on the issues and their voting records. In practical terms, this section is where the candidates explain their campaign slogans.

Citations from background above:
  •, "2010 Census Shows America's Diversity," March 24, 2011
  • Van Thuan Observatory, "The absence of God in the public sphere: Benedict XVI's Essay," by Stefano Fontana, 7 May 2019
  • Reason Magazine, "Religion in the Public Sphere Makes a God-Awful Mess," by A. Barton Hinkle, 3.16.2015
  • The First Amendment Encyclopedia, Middle Tennessee State University, "Wall of Separation," by John S. Baker Jr., downloaded Oct. 2020
  • Top 10 Proofs, "Evidence for America's Christian Heritage", Jan 22, 2019
  • Americans United for Separation of Church and State, "Is America a Christian Nation?", downloaded Oct. 2020
  • Christianity Today, "In Perspective: What is the Falun Gong? And why does the Chinese government want to destroy it?," by Todd hertz, 2/1/2002
  • Public Radio International, "Why China fears the Falun Gong," by James Griffiths, July 14, 2014
  • Consulate-General of the People's Republic of China, "Why Falun Gong is a cult?," 2009/09/02
  • NPR, "It's A Dangerous Time For Christians In Northeastern Syria," by Jane Arraf, February 12, 2020
  • Syria Direct, "Syrian Christians: Exploited or protected minority?," by Ammar Hamou & Will Christou, December 22, 2019
  • Federation of American Scientists, "Congressional Research Service: The Emoluments Clauses of the U.S. Constitution," Aug 19 2020
  • CNN, "Appeals court lets emoluments case against Trump continue," by Erica Orden and Katelyn Polantz, 8/17/20
  • UC San Diego and U. Missouri), "Mainstream Media vs. Social Media," by Aleksandre Lobzhanidze, Wenjun Zeng, Paige Gentry and Angelique Taylor
  •,"Mainstream media", downloaded Oct. 2020
  • Politifact, "Trump's false claim that Biden is a socialist", by Amy Sherman, October 15, 2020
  • WBUR, "What Democratic Socialism Means in The U.S.," by Jeremy Hobson & Allison Hagan, arch 05, 2020
  • La Riva 2020, "Socialist candidate La Riva inspires action from working people", downloaded Oct. 2020
  •, "Offensive political dog whistles: you know them when you hear them. Or do you?", by Ian Olasov, Nov 7, 2016
  •, "Obama education chief: Trump sounding 'dog whistle' in bashing 1619 Project", by Bianca Quilantan, 09/24/2020
  • Columbia Journalism Review, "Stop calling racist rhetoric a 'dog whistle'," by Bill Grueskin, Aug 10, 2020
  • Rutgers University, "Women Presidential and Vice Presidential Candidates", downloaded Oct. 2020
  • CNN, "All the countries that had a woman leader before the U.S.," by Amanda Wills, Jacque Smith and Casey Hicks, January 28, 2019
Other candidates on Principles & Values: Background on other issues:
2020 Presidential Democratic Primary Candidates:
V.P.Joe Biden (D-DE)
Mayor Mike Bloomberg (I-NYC)
Mayor Pete Buttigieg (D-IN)
Sen.Cory Booker (D-NJ)
Secy.Julian Castro (D-TX)
Rep.John Delaney (D-MD)
Rep.Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI)
Sen.Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Gov.Deval Patrick (D-MA)
Sen.Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
CEO Tom Steyer (D-CA)
Sen.Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)

2020 GOP and Independent Candidates:
CEO Don Blankenship (C-WV)
Gov.Larry Hogan (R-MD)
Gov.John Kasich (R-OH)
V.P.Mike Pence (R-IN)
Gov.Mark Sanford (R-SC)
CEO Howard Schultz (I-WA)
Pres.Donald Trump (R-NY)
Gov.Jesse Ventura (I-MN)
V.C.Arvin Vohra (L-MD)
Rep.Joe Walsh (R-IL)
Gov.Bill Weld (L-MA)

2020 Withdrawn Democratic Candidates:
State Rep.Stacey Abrams (D-GA)
Sen.Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
Sen.Kamala Harris (D-CA)
Gov.John Hickenlooper (D-CO)
Gov.Jay Inslee (D-WA)
Mayor Wayne Messam (D-FL)
Rep.Seth Moulton (D-MA)
Rep.Beto O`Rourke (D-TX)
Adm.Joe Sestak (D-PA)
Rep.Eric Swalwell (D-CA)
Civil Rights
Foreign Policy
Free Trade
Govt. Reform
Gun Control
Health Care
Social Security
Tax Reform
War & Peace