Tony Knowles on War & Peace
Democratic Challenger for Senate (AK; previously served as Governor)
We are bogged down as an occupying army in Iraq
KNOWLES: "We were told about weapons of mass destruction and (connections) to al-Qaida, and today we know that's not true," Knowles said. He said he supported the doctrine expressed by Secretary of State Colin Powell when he was an
Army general: strike only when you have an overwhelming force, broad public support and an exit strategy. "We're lost in a quagmire and alone in the world," said Knowles, a Vietnam veteran. "We are bogged down as an occupying army," while
America's real threat, Osama bin Laden, remains free.
MURKOWSKI: Murkowski said Americans are engaging in "a lot of Monday-morning quarterbacking" on the war. "We all agree that the world
is a better place, a safer place, without Saddam Hussein in power," she said. She described prewar Iraq as a "safe haven for terrorists," an assertion that was not reached by the Sept. 11 Commission.
Source: AK Senate Debate in Anchorage Daily News
Oct 27, 2004
Could have assaulted on Al-Qaida and bin Laden on full-scale
Q: Was the Iraqi invasion a successful step toward democracy in the Middle East or a setback?
KNOWLES: Based on the information of imminent threat presented to Congress by Bush, I supported the decision to invade Iraq. Knowing today this information
was false, we would be safer if we had used those forces for a full-scale assault on Al-Qaida and bin Laden, who remain an imminent threat to our security. It remains in the best interests of America and the world to continue efforts to bring peace and
stability to Iraq.
MURKOWSKI: Iraq will be a successful and stable democracy and the result will place greater pressure on other Middle Eastern nations to grant individuals greater civil rights and liberties. This will only come about if the US remains
committed to assisting Iraq make this transformation. If not, other groups who would like to play a greater role in their own government's decision-making process are likely to be disillusioned and unlikely to push for reform.
Source: AK Senate Debate, Q&A by Fairbanks Daily News-Miner
Oct 10, 2004
Deal with terrorism as a joint federal-state responsibility.
Knowles adopted the National Governors Association policy:
Source: NGA policy HR-10: Domestic Terrorism 01-NGA5 on Feb 15, 2001
- Handling Information Needs.
Many of the operational, programmatic, and funding activities associated with terrorism consequence management preparedness are classified because of national security. Thus, the sharing of critical information is hampered. State governments must be viewed as strong partners in the US� national security efforts, particularly as related to terrorism.
- Managing Consequences.
Managing the short- and long-term consequences of terrorism is among the responsibilities of state and local government supplemented by the resources of the federal government, coordinated by FEMA.
- Supporting Public-Private Cooperation.
Terrorism preparedness efforts should be inclusive of key private sector entities such as defining the appropriate roles and responsibilities for public and private health and medical communities.
- Clarifying the Role of the National Guard.
The role of the National Guard in terrorism
response activities is to support federal, state, and local response agencies with equipment, facilities, and personnel. Any assignment of responsibility should enhance the nation�s terrorism consequence management capability and provide for the contingency of the National Guard being called to assist active and reserve components in dealing with a major military conflict.
- Federal Responsibility
Governors recognize the need to coordinate programs among federal agencies to address domestic terrorism and appreciate the efforts of the National Domestic Preparedness Office. However, they encourage greater clarification of the currently fragmented structure of federal responsibilities and support increased cooperation among federal agencies to better enable states to plan for domestic terrorism responses. Governors urge appropriate funding, maximum coordination of program components, and coordinated service delivery within states and localities.
Include states in anti-terrorism planning.
Knowles adopted the National Governors Association position paper:
The Issue The issue of terrorism will be of major focus for the 107th Congress. Governors have a critical interest in controlling domestic terrorism because they are responsible for ensuring that state and local authorities have the ability to deal with natural disasters and other types of major emergencies, including terrorist incidents.
NGA�s Position NGA believes that any national strategy for dealing with terrorist incidents should include planning and training by state and local forces. The unique nature of terrorism coupled with national security implications requires the support and expertise of the federal government in working with state and local government in developing capabilities. A clear national strategy developed through a partnership among federal agencies and key state, local, and private sector stakeholders is essential to drive operational and programmatic planning, training, and service delivery in combating terrorism.
Source: National Governors Association "Issues / Positions" 01-NGA7 on Sep 14, 2001
Study terrorist threats against nuclear waste repositories.
Knowles signed the Western Governors' Association resolution:
Source: WGA Policy Resolution 01-03: Terrorism Against Nuclear Waste 01-WGA03 on Aug 14, 2001
- The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) should reexamine the issue of terrorism and sabotage against spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste shipments in order to determine the adequacy of the current physical protection regulations, as part of the NRC licensing process for a geologic repository or an interim storage facility.
- The NRC should conduct a comprehensive assessment of the consequences of attacks that have the potential for radiological sabotage, including attacks against transportation infrastructure used by nuclear waste shipments, attacks involving capture of a nuclear waste shipment and use of high energy explosives against the cask, and direct attacks upon a nuclear waste shipping cask using antitank missiles.
- The NRC should conduct the comprehensive reassessment of terrorism/sabotage consequences in a forum conducive to meaningful participation by all affected stakeholders, including the creation of a stakeholder advisory group to
assist the NRC in this task.
- DOE should also fully evaluate the impacts of terrorism and sabotage against spent fuel and nuclear waste shipments in the Yucca Mountain and in any interim storage facility.
- DOE should incorporate terrorism/sabotage risk management and countermeasures in all DOE transportation plans relating to operation of a repository, interim storage facility, and/or intermodal transfer facility, including liability for costs and damages resulting from terrorism/sabotage against nuclear waste shipments.
- DOE is encouraged to expeditiously complete the Department�s guidance process for codifying the �Transportation Protocol Manual,� [with] review with the participating states and tribes prior to formal adoption.
- The governors encourage NRC, DOT and DOE to use the �Transportation Protocol Manual� as the beginning point for requirements for the transport of both federal and commercial radioactive materials.