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Second presidential "debate"
(Oct. 15)
Vice presidential debate
(Oct. 7)
First presidential debate
(Sept. 29)
Town Halls: Trump
(Sept. 15) and Biden
(Sept. 17)
Democratic & GOP Conventions
(Aug 2020)
Democratic Veepstakes
(May-July 2020)
N.H. Democratic debate
(Feb. 7, 2020)
CNN N.H. Town Hall
(Feb. 5-6, 2020)
State of the Union
(Feb. 4, 2020)
Iowa Democratic debate
(Jan. 14, 2020)
December Democratic debate
(Dec. 19, 2019)
Impeachment commentary
(Dec. 18, 2019)
November Democratic debate
(Nov. 20, 2019)
October Democratic debate
(Oct. 15, 2019)
CNN GLBT Democratic Town Hall
(Oct. 10, 2019)
Republican debate
(Sept. 24, 2019)
September Democratic debate
(Sept. 12, 2019)
Climate Change Town Hall
(Sept. 4, 2019)
July Democratic debate
(July 30-31, 2019)
June Democratic debate
(June 26-27, 2019)
2019 State of the State speeches
(Jan.-March, 2019)
2019 State of the Union speech
(Feb. 6, 2019)
2018 State of the State speeches
(Jan.-March, 2018)
2018 State of the Union speech
(Jan. 30, 2018)
2017 State of the Union speech
(Feb. 28, 2017)
Third Presidential debate
(Oct. 19, 2016)
Second Presidential debate
(Oct. 9, 2016)
Vice-presidential debate
(Oct. 4, 2016)
First Presidential debate
(Sept. 26, 2016)
Bernie Sanders vs. Hillary Clinton On the Issues
(paperback Feb. 2016)

Miami Democratic debate
(March 2016)
Miami Republican debate
(March 2016)
Republican primary debate in Detroit, Michigan
(March 2016)
CNN-Telemundo Republican debate on eve of Texas primary.
(Feb. 2016)
2016 CNN GOP Town Hall in South Carolina
(Feb. 2016)
2016 CBS News Republican Debate in S.C.
(Feb. 2016)
PBS Democratic Primary Debate in Wisconsin
(Feb. 2016)
2016 ABC News/IJReview Republican Debate in N.H.
(Feb. 2016)
MSNBC Democratic primary debate in New Hampshire
(Feb. 2016)
CNN Democratic Town Hall
(Jan. 2016)
Fox Iowa GOP debate
(Jan. 2016)
NBC/CBC Democratic debate
(Jan. 2016)
Fox Business GOP debate
(Jan. 2016)
State of the Union address
(Jan. 2016)
Hillary Clinton vs. Jeb Bush On the Issues
(paperback Feb. 2016)

CNN GOP Nevada debate
(Dec. 2015)
Syrian Refugee crisis
(Nov.-Dec. 2015)
CBS Democratic debate
(Nov. 2015)
Fox Business GOP debate
(Nov. 2015)
CNBC GOP debate
(Oct. 2015)

CNN Democrat debate
(Oct. 2015)

CNN GOP debate
(Sept. 2015)

Fox/Facebook GOP debate
(August 2015)

Marco Rubio vs. Jeb Bush On the Issues
(paperback June 2015)

Hillary Clinton vs. Rand Paul On the Issues
(paperback May 2015)

Rand Paul vs. Jeb Bush On the Issues
(paperback April 2015)

Jeb vs. Hillary On the Issues
(paperback Feb. 2015)

Rand vs. Ron Paul On the Issues
(Chart April 2015)

Hillary vs. Bill Clinton On the Issues
(Chart Feb. 2015)

Jeb vs. George Bush On the Issues
(Chart March 2015)

Excerpts from "Hard Choices"
(by Hillary Clinton)

Excerpts from "Immigration Wars"
(by Jeb Bush)

Excerpts from "Government Bullies"
(by Rand Paul)

Iowa pre-caucus Summits
(Jan.-March, 2015)

2015 presidential hopeful excerpts

Senate debates
(for Nov. 2014 elections):

Recent books by...
Former Gov. Mitt Romney (R, MA)
No Apology
Rep. Paul Ryan (R, WI)
Young Guns
Pres. Barack Obama
The Audacity of Hope
V.P. Joe Biden
Promises to Keep
Former Rep. Ron Paul
End the Fed

Former Pres. George W. Bush
Decision Points
Former Gov. Sarah Palin (R, AK)
America By Heart
Secy. of State Hillary Clinton
Living History
Former Pres. Bill Clinton
My Life
Gov. Jesse Ventura
American Conspiracies

The Web

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(click a book cover for excerpts and a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)

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2020 Election Coverage:

2020 Senatorial debates:
- AL - AK - AZ - AR - CO - DE - GA-2 - GA-6 - ID - IL - IA - KS - KY - LA -
- ME - MA - MI - MN - MS - MT - NE - NH - NJ - NM - NC -
- OK - OR - RI - SC - SD - TN - TX - VA - WV - WY

2019-2021 Gubernatorial debates:
DE - IN - KY - LA - MO - MS - MT - NC - ND - NH - NJ - PR - UT - VA - VT - WA - WV


Senate Election Prediction, Oct. 19, 2020

OnTheIssues predictions for 35 Senate races: Democratic takeover, but not on Election Day!

  • The partisan balance in the United States Senate currently stands at 53 Republicans to 47 Democrats.
  • We predict a net gain on Election Day of 3 seats for the Democrats, yielding a 50-50 partisan split.
  • HOWEVER, we also predict that the Georgia Special Senate Election will not be decided until a runoff on January 5. The Nov. 3 election is a "jungle primary" in which we predict no candidate will exceed 50%, so it'll be "all eyes on Georgia" for two months.
  • Surprises might come in the following six races, which are too-close-to-call two weeks out:
    AK, GA-6, IA, KS, NC, SC
  • All six of the too-close-to-call races have Republican incumbents. Hence if any surprises occur on Election Day, the surprise will mean that the Democrats gain a majority of the Senate. We predict no surprise victory declarations on Election Day but ONLY because....
  • HOWEVER, the pandemic will cause slow election counting, and hence we predict that these six races will all take several days to decide the winner. We predict that one or two of the too-close-to-call races will result in a Democratic takeover, and hence a safe majority for the Democrats come January, but not until later in the week, and hence "all eyes on the Carolinas."
  • Note that the Arizona race is also a special election; we predict that the Democrat will win,and will be seated for the lame-duck session of Congress. That would also apply to the Georgia special election, but we predict "no winner" until after the lame-duck session ends.
  • Note that the Lousiana race is also a "jungle primary", but we predict a clean Republican victory and hence no later runoff race, as we predict in Georgia.

AKAl Gross (Independent)Dan SullivanToo close to call; GOP incumbent
ALDoug JonesTommy TubervilleGOP takeover
AZMark KellyMartha McSallyDem takeover
ARRicky Dale Harrington (Libertarian)Tom CottonGOP retention
COJohn HickenlooperCory GardnerDem takeover
DEChris CoonsLauren WitzkeDem retention
GA-2Kelly Loeffler
vs.Doug Collins
Raphael Warnock
vs.Ed Tarver
Runoff in January
GA-6David PerdueJon OssoffToo close to call; GOP incumbent
IDPaulette JordanJim RischGOP retention
ILDick DurbinMark CurranDem retention
IATheresa GreenfieldJoni ErnstToo close to call; GOP incumbent
KSBarbara BollierRoger MarshallToo close to call; GOP incumbent
KYAmy McGrathMitch McConnellGOP retention
LAAdrian PerkinsBill CassidyGOP retention
MAEd MarkeyKevin O`Connor
vs.Shiva Ayyadurai (Independent)
Dem retention
MESara GideonSusan CollinsDem takeover
MIGary Peters
vs.Marcia Squier (Green)
John JamesDem retention
MNTina Smith
vs.Paula Overby (Green)
Jason LewisDem retention
MSMike EspyCindy Hyde-SmithGOP retention
MTSteve BullockSteve DainesDem takeover
NEChris JanicekBen SasseGOP retention
NHJeanne ShaheenCorky MessnerDem retention
NJCory BookerRik MehtaDem retention
NMBen Ray LujanMark Ronchetti
vs.Bob Walsh (Libertarian)
Dem retention
NCCal CunninghamThom TillisToo close to call; GOP incumbent
OKAbby BroylesJim InhofeGOP retention
ORJeff MerkleyJo Rae PerkinsDem retention
RIJack ReedAllen WatersDem retention
SCJaime HarrisonLindsey GrahamToo close to call; GOP incumbent
SDDan AhlersMike RoundsGOP retention
TNMarquita BradshawBill HagertyGOP retention
TXMJ HegarJohn CornynGOP retention
VAMark WarnerDaniel GadeDem retention
WVPaula Jean SwearenginShelley Moore CapitoGOP retention
WYMerav Ben-DavidCynthia LummisGOP retention

Source: See 2020 Senate debate page for full race coverage.

Second Presidential "Debate": Oct. 15, 2020

Excerpts from Trump & Biden "Dueling Town Halls"

    The second debate between Biden and Trump was cancelled because the two sides could not agree on virus protective conditions after President Trump exited Walter Reed hospital for a coronavirus infection. Accordingly:
  • Vice President Biden participated in a Town Hall on ABC in Philadelphia, moderated by George Stephanopoulos.
  • President Trump participated in a Town Hall on NBC in Miami, moderated by Savannah Guthrie.
  • The "Dueling Town Halls" took place at the same time, on opposite TV networks.
  • When the two candidates addressed the same topic, we excerpted as if the two candidates were on the same stage, responding
Excerpts from Joe Biden: Excerpts from Donald Trump:
I started wearing masks in March; Trump still questions them. People with masks can still catch coronavirus.
It's a K-shape recovery; only works for the top. We have a V-shape recovery; it's coming back.
More community policing, but not as police jump-out squads. Strong on law enforcement AND on enforcing law on police.
Fund research at HBCUs for foundational support. I got funding for HBCUs for ten years.
I wanted to keep people in China in early 2020 pandemic. I put in travel ban to China very early, and Europe too.
Pre-existing conditions are in jeopardy from Supreme Court. Replace ObamaCare with less expensive but great healthcare.

Source: See numerous additional debate excerpts plus fact-checking.

Vice Presidential Debate: Oct. 7, 2020

Excerpts from Pence & Harris, plus fact-checking

    The Vice Presidential debate was held in utah, moderated by USA Today.

    Excerpts from V.P. Mike Pence:
  • Biden's plan is a $2 trillion version of Green New Deal.
  • We're producing millions of vaccines; ready by end of year.
  • FactCheck: Voted against Great Recession auto bailout
  • Factcheck: Yes, Biden promised to move embassy to Jerusalem; but Obama never agreed
  • Excerpts from Sen. Kamala Harris:
  • FactCheck: Yes, would ban fracking; but Biden never agreed
  • Trump's 50 Court of Appeals appointments: no Blacks.
  • Trump's China policy has cost American jobs & lives.
  • On pre-existing conditions: Republicans are coming for you.
  • We won't raise taxes on anyone earning less than $400,000.
  • We lost Trump's trade war with China, by losing jobs

Source: See numerous additional debate excerpts plus fact-checking.

First Presidential Debate: Sept. 29, 2020

Excerpts from Trump & Biden, plus fact-checking

    The first debate was moderated by Fox News' Chris Wallace, on Sept. 29, at Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland. Wallace selected the following topics for the first debate:
  1. The Trump and Biden Records
  2. The Supreme Court (and the nomination of Amy Coney Barrett)
  3. Covid-19
  4. The Economy
  5. Race and Violence in our Cities. and
  6. The Integrity of the Election.

  • Excerpts from Joe Biden:
  • Ran for president after Trump's response to Charlottesville.
  • Suburbs are by and large integrated.
  • Violence is never appropriate response to police violence.
  • Reimagine policing: I totally oppose defunding police.
  • FactCheck: Endorsed by 175 law enforcement officials.
  • I support the Biden Plan, not the Green New Deal.
  • Five states have done mail-in ballots for a decade or more.
  • FactCheck: Yes, Hunter Biden was kicked out of military.
    Excerpts from Donald Trump:
  • Proud Boys: stand back & stand by
  • Racial sensitivity training is racist
  • FactCheck: No, not endorsed by Portland's Sheriff.
  • FactCheck: Hillary used term "super predators," not Biden.
  • Obama left 128 openings for judges; I appointed 300.
  • My healthcare plan: we got rid of the individual mandate.
  • I created the Space Force and fixed the VA.

Source: See numerous additional debate excerpts plus fact-checking.

Preparation for Senate prediction: Sept. 25-28, 2020

Why do the House and Senate differ by majority party control?

OnTheIssues will predict every Senate race outcome next month; this is our preparation for that coming prediction. Our prediction will include which party will control the Senate in 2021-2022; and which party will control the House in 2021-2022. People wonder why the Senate differs so much from the House (the Senate is majority Republican; the House is majority Democratic); the chart below explains why. Control of the House reflects the popular vote nationwide; control of the Senate does not! We added up the votes in each state for each Senator, and we tally them below....

  • 68,717,282 votes for all incumbent Democratic and Independent senators (54.0% of all votes for Senators)
  • 58,577,901 votes for all incumbent Republican senators (46.0% of all votes for Senators)
  • Source: fec.gov for 2014, 2016, and 2018
  • So how is it that the Republicans control the United States Senate, 53-47, when the Democrats won the popular vote for all Senators, 54-46 the other way?
  • Because the Senate is not elected by popular vote -- it's not supposed to be "democracy" -- it's "The Great Compromise of 1787", working as intended for 230 years!
  • The Great Compromise of 1787 assured smaller-population states that they would have representation in the Senate even though larger-population states would overwhelm them in the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • That is exactly the situation in the current Congress, from 2018-2020: the House represents larger states proportional to the popular vote, and the Senate represents smaller states.
  • This same "Great Compromise" is why the Electoral College gives extra weight to smaller-population states in the election of the President -- it is intended to do that!
  • The only real difference since 1787 is that today we say "red states" for smaller-population states, and we say "blue states" for larger-population states!
  • Click here for the same analysis for the 2016-2018 Senate, with roughly the same results; click here for XLS for 2018-2020; click here for a clean page of just this chart.


Alabama2017673896Doug JonesD
Arizona20181191100Kyrsten SinemaD
California20186019422Dianne FeinsteinD
California20167542759Kamala HarrisD
Colorado20161370710Michael BennetD
Connecticut2018825579Chris MurphyD
Connecticut20161008714Richard BlumenthalD
Delaware2014130655Chris CoonsD
Delaware2018217385Tom CarperD
Hawaii2018276316Mazie HironoD
Hawaii2016306604Brian SchatzD
Illinois20141929637Dick DurbinD
Illinois20163012940Tammy DuckworthD
Maryland20181491614Ben CardinD
Maryland20161659907Chris Van HollenD
Massachusetts20141289944Ed MarkeyD
Massachusetts20181633371Elizabeth WarrenD
Michigan20141704936Gary PetersD
Michigan20182214478Debbie StabenowD
Minnesota20181370540Tina SmithD
Minnesota20181566174Amy KlobucharD
Montana2018253876Jon TesterD
Nevada2018490071Jocky RosenD
Nevada2016521994Catherine Cortez MastoD
New Hampshire2014251184Jeanne ShaheenD
New Hampshire2016354649Maggie HassanD
New Jersey20141043866Cory BookerD
New Jersey20181711654Bob MenendezD
New Mexico2014286409Tom UdallD
New Mexico2018376998Martin HeinrichD
New York20184056931Kirsten GillibrandD
New York20165221945Chuck SchumerD
Ohio20182358508Sherrod BrownD
Oregon2014814537Jeff MerkleyD
Oregon20161105119Ron WydenD
Pennsylvania20182792437Bob Casey Jr.D
Rhode Island2014223675Jack ReedD
Rhode Island2018231477Sheldon WhitehouseD
Vermont2016192243Patrick LeahyD
Virginia20141073667Mark WarnerD
Virginia20181910370Tim KaineD
Washington20181803364Maria CantwellD
Washington20161913979Patty MurrayD
West Virginia2018290510Joe ManchinD
Wisconsin20181472914Tammy BaldwinD
Maine2018344575Angus KingI
Vermont2018183649Bernie SandersI
Democratic party totals68,717,28254.0%47 Senators
Alabama20161335104Richard ShelbyR
Alaska2014135445Dan SullivanR
Alaska2016138149Lisa MurkowskiR
Arizona20161359267Jon Kyl (votes are for John McCain)R
Arkansas2014478819Tom CottonR
Arkansas2016661984John BoozmanR
Colorado2014983891Cory GardnerR
Florida20184099505Rick ScottR
Florida20164835191Marco RubioR
Georgia20141358088David PerdueR
Georgia20162135806Johnny IsaksonR
Idaho2014285596Jim RischR
Idaho2016449017Mike CrapoR
Indiana20181158000Mike BraunR
Indiana20161423991Todd YoungR
Iowa2014588575Joni ErnstR
Iowa2016926007Chuck GrassleyR
Kansas2014460350Pat RobertsR
Kansas2016732376Jerry MoranR
Kentucky2014806787Mitch McConnellR
Kentucky20161090177Rand PaulR
Louisiana2016536191John KennedyR
Louisiana2014712379Bill CassidyR
Maine2014413495Susan CollinsR
Mississippi2018486769Cindy Hyde-SmithR
Mississippi2018547619Roger WickerR
Missouri20181254927Josh HawleyR
Missouri20161378458Roy BluntR
Montana2014213709Steve DainesR
Nebraska2014347636Ben SasseR
Nebraska2018403151Deb FischerR
North Carolina20141423259Thom TillisR
North Carolina20162395376Richard BurrR
North Dakota2018179720Kevin CramerR
North Dakota2016268788John HoevenR
Ohio20163118567Rob PortmanR
Oklahoma2014558166Jim InhofeR
Oklahoma2016980892James LankfordR
Pennsylvania20162951702Pat ToomeyR
South Carolina2014672941Lindsey GrahamR
South Carolina20161241609Tim ScottR
South Dakota2014140741Mike RoundsR
South Dakota2016265516John ThuneR
Tennessee2014850087Lamar AlexanderR
Tennessee20181227483Marsha BlackburnR
Texas20142861531John CornynR
Texas20184260553Ted CruzR
Utah2018665215Mitt RomneyR
Utah2016760241Mike LeeR
West Virginia2014281820Shelley Moore CapitoR
Wisconsin20161479471Ron JohnsonR
Wyoming2014121554Mike EnziR
Wyoming2018136210John BarrassoR
Republican party totals58,577,90146.0%53 Senators
All parties total:127,295,183100%100 Senators
Source: See Senate incumbents' and candidates' policy stances.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg dies, Sept. 18, 2020

Supreme Court Justice seat opening for late 2020

    Supreme Court Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg died of cancer at age 87. Her dying wish: "My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed."

    Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has vowed to overcome that wish. President Trump recently announced a list of possible nominees, including:

    Following is our coverage of Ginsburg and the rest of the Supreme Court:

Source:OnTheissues archives and Supreme Court full coverage

Democratic and Republican Town Halls: Sept. 15-17, 2020

Trump and Biden participate in separate Town Halls

The two major party candidates participated this week in "Town Halls," with a single moderator directing questions from a live audience, and broadcast live. Basically, this was "warm up" for the upcoming debates! Our excerpts include:

    Joe Biden Town Hall on CNN, Sep. 17, 2020:
  • On Free Trade: China unfairly competes with state-owned enterprises
  • FactCheck: Yes, US has tried "Buy American" for 100 years
  • On Civil Rights: I've benefited from white privilege, & been looked down upon
  • FactCheck: No, only 50% of recent presidents were Ivy league
    Donald Trump Town Hall on ABC, Sep. 15, 2020:
  • On War & Peace: We're creating peace in Mideast; not the old-fashioned way
  • On Tax Reform: Fact Check: Claims falsely that Biden would raise all taxes
  • On Health Care: Coronavirus was China's fault; I tried to close border

Source: See numerous additional excerpts from ABC and CNN Town Halls.

Democratic and Republican Conventions: August 17-27, 2020

Excerpts from acceptance speeches and Party Platforms

The two major parties held their conventions, which included acceptance speeches by the nominees; release of the party platforms; and numerous additional speeches. We excerpt then all...

Donald Trump's acceptance speech for the Republican presidential nomination
Mike Pence's acceptance speech for the Republican vice-presidential nomination
Joe Biden's acceptance speech for the Democratic presidential nomination
Kamala Harris's acceptance speech for the Democratic vice-presidential nomination
Republican Party Platform new planks (just a one-page statement this year)
Democratic Party Platform new planks (a 91-page document this year)

Source: See numerous additional Convention Spech excerpts plus fact-checking.

Presidential ballot: August 25, 2020

U.S. House race coverage

The two major parties completed their conventions this week, and the third parties already have. The results of the conventions is the long list of choices that may appear on your ballot (most of the third parties will appear on only SOME of the 50 states' ballots).

(Click for platform)
Presidential nominee Vice-Presidential nominee
Republican Party Donald Trump Mike Pence
Democratic Party Joe Biden Kamala Harris
Libertarian Party Jo Jorgensen Spike Cohen
Green Party Howie Hawkins Angela Walker
Reform Party / Alliance Party Rocky De La Fuente Darcy Richardson
Birthday Party Kanye West Michelle Tidball
Constitution Party Don Blankenship William Mohr
Socialist Party / Liberation Ticket Gloria La Riva Sunil Freeman

Source: See numerous additional hot races for U.S. House for candidates who withdrew or lost primaries.

Kamala Harris nominated for Vice President, Aug. 11, 2020

Biden selects California Senator and presidential campaign rival

    Following is our coverage of Senator Harris' books, debates and media appearances (click on the left for Kamala's excerpts, or on the right for context):

Source:OnTheissues archives and Kamala Harris full coverage

Hot Congressional races: July 31-Aug. 1, 2020

U.S. House race coverage

We report on all House incumbents, but we only cover House races when it seems possible the challenger will win the general election. Following is our list of House challengers in hot races:

Mike Garcia (Republican) Christy Smith (
Incumbent member of Congress House Challenger
CA-21: TJ Cox (D) 2020 rematch challenger: former U.S. Rep. David Valadao(R)
CA-25: TJ Cox (D)2020 rematch challenger: former U.S. Rep. David Valadao(R)
CA-39: Gil Cisneros (D) 2020 rematch challenger: 2018 candidate Young Kim(R)
CA-50: Duncan D. Hunter resigned Jan. 2020 Former Rep. Darrell Issa (R,CA)
GA-5: John Lewis passed away in July 2020. State Sen. Nikema Williams appointed to take his place on the November ballot.
GA-6: Lucy McBath 2020 rematch challenger: former U.S. Rep. Karen Handel (R)
IL-6: Sean Casten 2020 challenger: State Rep. Jeanne Ives (R)
IL-14: Lauren Underwood 2020 challenger: State Sen. Jim Oberweis (R)
IA-3: Cindy Axne 2020 rematch challenger: former U.S. Rep. David Young (R)
KS-2: Steve Watkins Kansas Treasurer and former State Senator Jake LaTurner (R,KS)
MA-4: Joe Kennedy III running for MA Senate in 2020 Alan Khazei running for the open seat.
MI-13: Rashida Tlaib Former US Rep. Brenda Jones Dem. primary challenger
MT-0: Greg Gianforte running for Governor in 2020 Secretary of State Corey Stapleton (R; lost GOP primary)
vs. State Auditor Matt Rosendale (R; won GOP primary)
NJ-7: Tom Malinowski State Sen. Thomas Kean Jr.(R)
NM-2: Xochitl Torres Small 2020 rematch challenger: State Rep. Yvette Herrell(R)
NY-22: Anthony Brindisi 2020 rematch challenger: Former Rep. Claudia Tenney (R,NY)
NC-2: George Holding retiring due to redistricting Challenger State Rep. Deborah Ross (D)
SC-1: Joe Cunningham (D) Challenger State Rep. Nancy Mace (R)
TX-17: Bill Flores retiring 2020 Contender: Former Rep. Pete Sessions (R,TX-32).
VA-2: Elaine Luria 2020 rematch challenger: Former Rep. Scott Taylor (R,VA)

Source: See numerous additional hot races for U.S. House for candidates who withdrew or lost primaries.

House primary results: July 6 - July 17, 2020

Long-time Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY) loses primary

Five House incumbents have been unseated in primaries. The list so far (we'll add here if any more incumbents lose in late primaries):

Update Aug. 4: Make that "seven House incumbents have been unseated"; see the Kansas and Missouri primaries listed below...
Representative District   
Party    Year first seated Lost primary...
(Click on names for their stances no the issues)
Ross SpanoFL-15(D)2019Lost primary to Scott Franklin on Aug. 16
William Lacy ClayMO-1(D)2001Lost primary to Cori Bush on Aug. 4
Steve WatkinsKS-2(R)2019Lost primary to State Sen. Jake LaTurner on Aug. 4
Eliot EngelNY-16(D)1989Lost primary to Jamaal Bowman on July 17
Scott TiptonCO-3(R)2011Lost primary to Lauren Boebert on July 6
Denver RigglemanVA-5(R)2019Lost renomination to Bob Good on June 14
Steve KingIA-4(R)2003Lost primary to State Sen. Randy Feenstra on June 3
Dan LipinskiIL-3(D)2005Lost primary to Marie Newman on March 18

Source: See House incumbents' and candidates' policy stances.

Veepstakes, June 2020

Biden's list of possible vice-presidents

    Following is our coverage of the Veepstakes contenders. Biden's process will likely take all of June and July, with a nominee announced prior to, or at, the Democratic National Convention on Aug. 17. With links to their issue-based coveraeg, the contenders are:

Source:OnTheissues archives and dozens of news reports throughout May and June

Third Party nominations: May 1-2, 2020

One party nomination; two party competitions

We report on the nomination races for several third-party candidates throughout the election. We also report on party platforms, and will update them for 2020 as they become avbailable. Following is our list of parties and candidates:

Party (with link to platform) Candidate(s) nominated or running for nomination
Constitution Party
Virtual convention May 1-2
Don Blankenship(WV): nominated at convention, May 2, 2020
Green Party
Convention planned for July 9-12, 2020
Gov. Jesse Ventura(MN): Exploratory Committee as of April 27, 2020
vs.Howie Hawkins(NY): Green candidate since May 2019
vs.Ian Schlakman(MD): Withdrew Green candidacy Dec. 2018
Libertarian Party
Convention planned for May 21-25
Rep. Justin Amash(MI): Exploratory Committee as of April 28, 2020
vs.Arvin Vohra(MD): Libertarian candidate since July 2018
vs.Larry Sharpe(NY): Libertarian V.P. candidate since July 2018
vs.Sen. Lincoln Chafee(RI): Withdrew Libertarian candidacy April 5, 2020
vs.Zoltan Istvan(CA): Withdrew Libertarian candidacy Nov. 2017
Socialist Party
Party for Socialism and Liberation (PSL) and the Peace and Freedom Party
Convention planned for August 2020; primaries held on Super Tuesday
Gloria La Riva(CA): nominee-apparent since March 3, 2020
Alliance Party / Reform Party
Virtual convention, April 25, 2020
Rocky De La Fuente(FL):

Source: See party platforms for the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, too, through 2016.

Special Election in MD-7: April 28, 2020

Former Rep. Kweisi Mfume to be sworn in immediately

District / Election date / New member of Congress Previous member of Congress / reason for leaving Congress
May 21, 2019; PA-12: Fred Keller (R) Tom Marino (R, resigned Jan. 2019 in financial scandal)
Sep.10, 2019; NC-3: Greg Murphy (R) Walter B. Jones (R, deceased Feb. 2019)
Sep.10, 2019; NC-9: Dan Bishop (R) Disputed Nov. 2018 election between Dan McCready (D) and Mark Harris (R)
Apr.28, 2020; MD-7: Kweisi Mfume (D) Elijah Cummings (D, deceased Oct. 2019)

Source: See Kweisi Mfume's main page for full issue stances.

Bernie Sanders withdraws: April 8, 2020

After Wisconsin primary

2018: Where We Go From Here: Two Years in the Resistance, by Bernie Sanders 34 excerpts from Sanders
2017: Guide to Political Revolution, by Bernie Sanders 17 excerpts from Sanders
2016: Our Revolution: A Future to Believe In, by Bernie Sanders 71 excerpts from Sanders
2016: Bernie vs. Hillary On The Issues: Side-by-side stances on the issues, by Jesse Gordon hundreds of excerpts from Sanders
2015: Outsider in the White House, by Bernie Sanders 5 excerpts from Sanders
2015: The Essential Bernie Sanders and His Vision for America, by Jonathan Tasini 13 excerpts from Sanders
2012: Playing Bigger Than You Are: A Life in Organizing, by Stewart Acuff 3 excerpts from Sanders
2012: Milk Money: Cash, Cows, and the Death of the American Dairy Farm, by Kirk Kardashian 8 excerpts from Sanders
2010: The Speech: A Historic Filibuster on Corporate Greed, by Bernie Sanders 20 excerpts from Sanders
1997: Outsider in the House, by Bernie Sanders and Hank Gutman 47 excerpts from Sanders

Source: See Bernie Sanders's main page for full issue stances.

Coronoavirus news: April 2, 2020

Political leaders' policy stances to fight the pandemic

We will collect politicians' statements on the coronavirus pandemic, and add additional excerpts over time.

Source: See political candidates' coronavirus policy stances.

Final Tuesday primaries, March 17, 2020

Primaries finalized; many changes due to coronavirus

Final Tuesday 3/17 delegate counts: AZ FL IL Final Tuesday Total Prior delegates Grand Total
Joe Biden 39 151 93 283 897 1180
Bernie Sanders 28 55 60 143 728 871
Others 0 168 168
PLEOs ("Superdelegates") 13 44 29 86 403 489
TOTAL Dem (1,991 to win) 80 250 182 512 2196 2708
Donald Trump 122 67 189 1237 1426
Bill Weld 0 1 1
TOTAL GOP (1,276 to win) 189 1238 1427

Source: See The Green Papers for delegate counts; see Bill Weld's page for full issue excerpts; each state winner highlighted in bold; delegate figures as of 3/19/20.

Big Tuesday primaries, March 10, 2020

Biden wins big again

Big Tuesday 3/10 delegate counts: ID MI MO MS ND WA Big Tuesday Total Prior delegates Grand Total
Joe Biden 11 73 44 34 6 33 201 696 897
Bernie Sanders 9 52 24 2 8 19 114 614 728
Others 0 168 168
PLEOs ("Superdelegates") 5 22 12 5 4 47 95 308 403
TOTAL Dem (1,991 to win) 25 147 80 41 18 99 410 1786 2196
Donald Trump 32 73 54 40 29 43 271 966 1237
Bill Weld 0 1 1
TOTAL GOP (1,276 to win) 271 967 1238

Source: See The Green Papers for delegate counts; see Bernie Sanders's page for full issue excerpts; each state winner highlighted in bold; delegate figures as of 3/18/20.

Super Tuesday primaries, March 3, 2020

Biden wins big; Bloomberg and Warren withdraw

Super Tuesday delegate counts: AL AR AS CA CO MA ME MN NC OK TN TX UT VA VT Super Tuesday Total Prior delegates Grand Total
Joe Biden 44 17 169 14 37 11 38 67 21 36 111 5 67 5 642 54 696
Michael Bloomberg 0 5 4 13 11 4 2 5 10 3 57 0 57
Pete Buttigieg 0 0 26 26
Tulsi Gabbard 2 2 0 2
Bernie Sanders 8 9 220 23 29 9 27 37 13 22 102 13 31 11 554 60 614
Elizabeth Warren 13 10 25 4 10 2 1 1 5 3 1 75 8 83
PLEOs ("Superdelegates") 8 5 5 80 21 23 8 16 13 6 9 32 11 25 8 270 38 308
TOTAL Dem (1,991 to win) 60 36 11 495 79 114 32 91 123 43 73 260 35 124 24 1600 186 1786
Donald Trump 50 40 172 37 41 22 39 71 43 58 155 40 48 17 833 133 966
Bill Weld 0 1 1
TOTAL GOP (1,276 to win) 833 134 967

Source: See The Green Papers for delegate counts; see Joe Biden's page for full issue excerpts; each state winner highlighted in bold; delegate figures as of 3/12/20.

South Carolina primary, Feb. 29, 2020

Republicans cancel primary; Trump gains 50 delegates by party acclamation

Democratic South Carolina primary: Popular Vote: Toward 4,750 delegates: (1,991 to win + superdelegates)
Bernie Sanders 106,342 votes 15 SC delegates (+ 45 prior = 60 total)
Joe Biden 261,897 votes 39 SC delegates (+ 15 prior = 54 total)
Pete Buttigieg 44,139 votes 0 SC delegates (+ 26 prior; withdrew afterwards)
Elizabeth Warren 38,034 votes 0 SC delegates (+ 8 prior = 8 total)
Amy Klobuchar 16,877 votes 0 SC delegates (+ 7 prior; withdrew afterwards)
Tom Steyer 61,048 votes 0 SC delegates (+ 0 prior; withdrew afterwards)
Tulsi Gabbard 6,794 votes 0 SC delegates (+ 0 prior)
Michael Bloomberg (no write-in allowed) (Did not enter race) 0 SC delegates (+ 0 prior)

Source: See pre-SC-primary debate for full issue excerpts.

Nevada caucuses, Feb. 22, 2020

Republicans cancel caucuses; Trump gains 22 delegates by party acclamation

Democratic Nevada caucuses: Popular Vote: Toward 4,750 delegates: (1,991 to win + superdelegates)
Bernie Sanders (took overall delegate lead from Buttigieg) 41,075 votes 24 NV delegates (+ 9 NH + 12 IA = 45)
Pete Buttigieg 17,598 votes 3 NV delegates (+ 9 NH + 14 IA = 26)
Joe Biden 19,179 votes 9 NV delegates (+ 0 NH + 6 IA = 15)
Elizabeth Warren 11,703 votes 0 NV delegates (+ 0 NH + 8 IA = 8)
Amy Klobuchar 7,376 votes 0 NV delegates (+ 6 NH + 1 IA = 7)
Tom Steyer 4,120 votes 0 NV delegates (+ 0 NH/IA = 0)
Tulsi Gabbard 32 votes 0 NV delegates (+ 0 NH/IA = 0)
Michael Bloomberg (no write-in allowed) (Did not enter race) 0 NV delegates (+ 0 NH/IA = 0)

Source: See pre-NV-caucus debate for full issue excerpts.

New Hampshire primary, Feb. 11, 2020

Four Democratic candidates withdraw

Republican New Hampshire primary: Popular Vote: Toward 2,550 delegates: (1,276 to win nomination)
Donald Trump 129,734 votes 22 NH delegates (+ 39 IA = 61)
Bill Weld 13,844 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 1 IA = 1)
Democratic New Hampshire primary: Popular Vote: Toward 4,750 delegates: (1,991 to win + superdelegates)
Pete Buttigieg 72,445 votes in Dem primary; 1,116 in GOP primary 73,561 votes 9 NH delegates (+ 14 IA = 23)
Bernie Sanders 76,355 votes in Dem primary; 753 in GOP primary 77,108 votes 9 NH delegates (+ 12 IA = 21)
Elizabeth Warren 27,428 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 8 IA = 8)
Amy Klobuchar 58,774 votes in Dem primary; 1,076 in GOP primary 59,850 votes 6 NH delegates (+ 1 IA = 7)
Joe Biden 24,911 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 6 IA = 6)
Tom Steyer 10,694 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 0 IA = 0)
Tulsi Gabbard 9,745 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 0 IA = 0)
Andrew Yang (withdrew after primary) 8,312 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 0 IA = 0)
Michael Bloomberg (write-in votes) 4,777 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 0 IA = 0)
Deval Patrick (withdrew after primary) 1,266 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 0 IA = 0)
Michael Bennet (withdrew after primary) 984 votes 0 NH delegates (+ 0 IA = 0)

Source: See CNN pre-NH-primary Town Hall for full issue excerpts.

State of the Union Feb. 4, 2020

Plus the Democratic responses

In addition to the "viral image" aspects, there were a series of staged events incorporated into the speech (inviting guests to personify the president's points has long been a staple of SOTU speeches; staging actual events during the speech is new): There were also numerous policy points in the speech, and in the numerous responses, which we excerpt. But the images and events are what this speech will be remembered for!

Source: See main SOTU page for full issue stances.

Iowa Caucuses, Feb. 3, 2020

1,700 caucuses statewide for delegates to Democratic and Republican National Conventions

Republican Iowa caucuses Popular Vote Toward 2,550 delegates: (1,276 to win nomination)
Donald Trump 31,464 votes 39 delegates
Bill Weld 426 votes 1 delegate
Joe Walsh (withdrew after caucuses) 348 votes 0 delegates
Democratic Iowa caucuses Popular Vote Toward 4,750 delegates: (1,991 to win + superdelegates)
Pete Buttigieg 43,209 votes 14 delegates
Bernie Sanders 45,652 votes 12 delegates
Elizabeth Warren 34,909 votes 8 delegates
Joe Biden 23,605 votes 6 delegates
Amy Klobuchar 21,100 votes 1 delegates
Andrew Yang 1,758 votes 0 delegates
Tom Steyer
(not shown if fewer than 300 votes)
413 votes 0 delegates

Source: See main archive page for full issue stances.

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